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Re: On the Expressive Power of Declarative Constructs in Interactive Document Scripts

From: Guntur Wiseno Putra <gsenopu@gmail.com>
Date: Thu, 17 Oct 2019 20:47:12 +0700
Message-ID: <CAKi_AEtZpU-A2q+EWJ6hitL7ow_8JNuY-DfKRL_gr7c1ypAVZw@mail.gmail.com>
To: Steven Pemberton <steven.pemberton@cwi.nl>
Cc: XForms <public-xformsusers@w3.org>
Dear XForms Users and Steven,

Closely related with "mapping" , thus supposedly with XForms in its values,
it is an article "Cartographic Turn?" (Levy, Jacques, 2012) considering
development over the last decades and the "spatial turn" in the social
sciences, geography, its innovation, its new gap with cartography,
technological apparatus regressive and old-fashioned, and a disciplinary
reconcilliation. The article proposed thus

 " a re-thinking of the philosophical basis of cartography, to be achieved
by tapping Leibniz and Heidegger’s concepts of space, in order to turn the
map into the expression of a dialogical systemism able to represent
relationships in social world".


To refer to this post (ISO 690)
<https://www.espacestemps.net/en/articles/a-cartographic-turn/#>

Jacques Lévy <https://www.espacestemps.net/en/auteurs/jacques-levy-english/>,
« A Cartographic Turn ? », *EspacesTemps.net* [En ligne], Works, 2012 | Mis
en ligne le 27 February 2012, consulté le 27.02.2012. URL :
https://www.espacestemps.net/en/articles/a-cartographic-turn/ ;

Regard,
Guntur Wiseno Putra



Pada Rabu, 16 Oktober 2019, Guntur Wiseno Putra <gsenopu@gmail.com> menulis:

> Dear XForms Users and Steven,
>
>
> Forgive me for missing to include the complete article at my earlier
> message (without other parts of it) while I gave its link address...
>
>
>
> Regard,
> Guntur Wiseno Putra
>
> Pada Rabu, 16 Oktober 2019, Guntur Wiseno Putra <gsenopu@gmail.com>
> menulis:
>
>> Dear XFormsUsersvand Steven ,
>>
>>
>> As an example it is mentioned how XForms is made to facilitate mappings
>> (among others Steven Pamberton, "Declarative Applications" mentioned
>> above): I finded what is supposedly an interesting article "Maps for the
>> Future" by C D'Allessandro-Scarpari discussing a book by J. Pickeks, "A
>> History of Spaces. Cartographic reason, mapping and the geo-coded world",
>> 2003.
>>
>> Beginning by reasoning such a relation between Geography, geographers,
>> and map --thus existing research and reflections on map--
>> D'Alessandro-Scarpari identified a uniqe perspective proposed by the book
>> which was among others an investigation about spatial consequences of
>> technological changes.
>>
>> The book was said about the processes of map-making and map-using issues.
>> The book interpret geography as an action of delimitation constructing
>> objects: the technical, social, and spatial changes affecting
>> cartographies, express the need for such discourses on ethics of practices
>> and cartographic goals.
>>
>> To the present situation named globalization, the book concerned with the
>> matter of mapping the world at any scale, rethinking theory and methods of
>> "globalized sites" The book suggested a way to work on a kind of
>> cartography:
>>
>> "For the author the technology is just an input for future changes:
>> map-making and map-using processes are more deeply transformed by the
>> social and spatial dynamics".
>>
>> Such a concern given to the collectives involved in every particular
>> space: a geography of collectives...
>>
>> https://www.espacestemps.net/articles/maps-for-the-future/
>>
>>
>>
>> Maps for the future.John Pickles, *A History of Spaces. Cartographic
>> reason, mapping and the geo-coded world*, 2003.Cristina
>> D’Alessandro-Scarpari
>> <https://www.espacestemps.net/auteurs/cristina-drsquoalessandro-scarpari/>
>>
>> [image: Image1]Geographers’ relations with maps have a long story of
>> attraction and repulsion. The map has always fascinated Geographers (even
>> before the institutionalization of the discipline) as a powerful tool, able
>> to demarcate territories, to produce different visions of them and to
>> transform them by the actions they may cause or influence. Sometimes for
>> strategic reasons Geographers have also denigrated cartography as a
>> secondary and technical form of knowledge, a tool merely for understanding
>> and representing spaces. At the present time the production of maps is
>> becoming at the same time easier (because of the technological advances
>> available today for making maps) and more complex (because of the high
>> complexity of spatial contemporary dynamics). Anyone can buy software and
>> make his/her own maps and those maps can be constantly updated. If one can
>> visualize them from different points of view (adding or removing layers of
>> data and changing combinations); then the delineated territories are not as
>> stable as they were in the past. Spaces, networks and borders are submitted
>> to multiple rapid social processes at different scales and maps show their
>> limits representing this complexity.
>>
>> The existing research and reflections about maps and cartography can
>> roughly be divided into two groups. On one hand, is the historical enquiry
>> about the role of maps: David Woodward, Franco Farinelli and Christian
>> Jacob are three notable examples of this historical effort. On the other
>> hand, there are major contributions concerned by the graphic semiology and
>> semiotic of maps: Emanuela Casti or Jacques Bertin contributed to the
>> explanations of what maps show and how they produce spatial knowledge. In a
>> different way both these traditions are interested in the links between
>> maps and politics at the local, national or international levels. The
>> originality of this book is certainly not in underlining the central role
>> played by maps in building empires: nevertheless, *A History of Spaces*brings
>> something unquestionably new in the way geographers study maps and the
>> processes of map-making and map-using. Novelties exist on at least three
>> levels: the most visible aspect is the capacity to cross a geographical
>> analysis with a deep philosophical background; John Pickles does not limit
>> his views to conventional mapping but is concerned also with cyber-maps and
>> digital spatial representations; lastly the author suggests an exciting
>> intellectual and scientific challenge for future practices of mapping.
>>
>> A diversity of approaches in his intellectual background gives Pickles a
>> unique perspective by combining a deep philosophical interest, an opening
>> to Western European classical knowledge and to contemporary scientific
>> productions, a geographical approach to globalization issues and also to
>> post-communist fragmentation in Eastern Europe, environmental concerns,
>> African experience and an investigation of spatial consequences of
>> technological changes. John Pickles can be broadly defined as a cultural
>> and social geographer, interested in political and economic processes
>> investing territories and places, with an approach certainly influenced by
>> Lefebvre. Philosophically he is close to the phenomenology of Althusser but
>> also to Deleuze.
>>
>> *A History of Spaces* is certainly about geography and maps, but it is
>> mainly a questioning of the processes of map-making and of map-using
>> issues, the dynamics of production being more important than the result
>> itself. If one may be tempted to state that the histories of spaces are
>> limited in this book, then the social and spatial aspects linked to
>> cartography are constantly present. The text is divided into five parts.
>> After an introduction, the second part focuses on the deconstruction of
>> maps, in a double technical and social sense: contesting the crisis of
>> representation it criticizes cartographic reason and taking into account
>> the social practices it develops a situated pragmatic. The third part is
>> about mapping and political territories in the modern period and it
>> introduces the following part, about cyber-empires in the contemporary
>> digital maps. The last part, the fifth, discusses the counter-mapping and
>> the maps of future.
>>
>> The 233 pages of this book present an important number of figures, 46
>> black and white illustrations more precisely. But contrary to what one can
>> expect in a book about mapping and spaces, the majority of these figures
>> are drawings (24). With the reproduction of recent and old maps one is able
>> to find also paintings and pictures. In spite of the variety of
>> illustrations and of their importance in the text, there is no color in the
>> book, except for the monochromatic blue cover, the image representing a
>> French painting showing the attempt to adjust the technique of perspective.
>> Maps, then, are not always the most efficient tool for representing spaces.
>>
>> What is geography if it is not the drawing and interpreting of a line?
>> This is the question developed as an introduction in Part I. From its Greek
>> etymology, *geo-graphy* indicates the drawing of the world, but for the
>> author this action of delimitation creates new objects. Following Jean
>> Baudrillard, for Pickles (from Part I and throughout the entire book) maps
>> precede territory; they inscribe boundaries and construct objects that in
>> turn become our realities: instead of representing the territory, they
>> produce it. Map-making and map-using are described as individual and social
>> processes at the same time: the production of maps is not only a technical
>> act, but above all an interpretative action, in which the result conveys
>> also the author’s intentions, conditions and values. Nevertheless, maps are
>> made because of the needs of particular social situations, to fulfil a
>> particular action (Part III gives some political and economic examples).
>>
>> From this perspective the technical, social and spatial changes affecting
>> cartography cannot be reduced to the supposed ‘crisis of representation’.
>> This expression (questioned in Part II) is for the author a way to express
>> the need for a debate about the ethics of practices and cartographic goals.
>> As the crisis of representation develops, the recent technological
>> innovations are more a way to interrogate future social transformations
>> than an object of study. New technologies of mapping and new uses for maps
>> have accompanied the reworking and recoding of social life. Consumers for
>> these new products and practices have been produced and new mapping
>> metaphors have been deployed to promote the penetration of these
>> technologies into everyday life. With imaging and visualizing technologies,
>> the goal of analytical abstraction and purification can be accomplished in
>> ways that create abstract spaces of transparent objects.
>>
>> We have the tools for rendering the world-as-picture in the 21st century,
>> but the territories, submitted to globalization, are not as easily marked
>> and separated as in the past. Globalization challenges how we map the world
>> at any scale, but particularly it calls for rethinking theory and methods
>> about ‘globalized sites’. John Pickles notices that we need new
>> cartographies, carrying new pragmatics of map-making and map using. These
>> new cartographies might produce mappings that speak their situated and
>> selective interests and that record their metadata and political
>> commitments. But these cartographies also need a new openness for producing
>> dialectical, dynamic and metaphorical images; they must be able to
>> integrate rhizomatic spaces (rhizome being used according to Deleuze and
>> Guattari), between local and global, concrete and abstract (Deleuze and
>> Guattari, 1983), by the process that Felix Guattari calls the fabrication
>> of individual and collective assemblages of enunciation.
>>
>> At the end of the book Pickles suggests an interesting way to work on a
>> new kind of cartography. ‘It may be possible to develop new cartographies
>> and geographies only by changing the way we think about the cartographies
>> we have’ (p. 194). For the author the technology is just an input for
>> future changes: map-making and map-using processes are more deeply
>> transformed by the social and spatial dynamics. Isn’t that an interesting
>> lesson for the actual gis concerns about production, use and limits of
>> this technology’
>>
>> But the entire book may also be interpreted as an invitation to
>> geographers to shift their gaze from the gis technology to the
>> collectives involved in every particular case. ‘These collectives are all
>> alike, as I have said, in that they distribute both what will later, after
>> stabilization, become elements of Nature and elements of the social world.
>> No one has ever heard of a collective that did not mobilize heaven and
>> earth in its composition, along with bodies and souls, property and laws,
>> gods and ancestors, powers and beliefs, beasts and fictional beings’
>> (Latour, 1993, p. 107). gis permit to visualize and study collectives of
>> humans and non-humans: for the writer of these lines the new geographies
>> mentioned by Pickles are precisely the geography of these collectives
>> (linked to the new cartographies). This alternative mapping, or
>> counter-mapping, is a public participation in the mapping process, where
>> the public is not only human, but constituted by collectives.
>>
>>
>>
>> Regard,
>> Guntur Wiseno Putra
>>
>> Pada Selasa, 15 Oktober 2019, Steven Pemberton <steven.pemberton@cwi.nl>
>> menulis:
>>
>>> The word 'model' in XForms refers back to the model-view-controller
>>> (MVC) paradigm that originally appeared in Smalltalk. However, in XForms
>>> the idea is somewhat more generalised: in MVC the relationship between
>>> model and view is one-way (from the model to the view) and the controller
>>> is responsible for the flow in the other direction. In XForms the
>>> relationship is two-way, with constraints and invariants achieving much of
>>> what the controller would have been needed for, although Events and Actions
>>> allow you to add your own effects where they are not supplied automatically
>>> by the system.
>>>
>>> In retrospect, the word Form might have been a good choice instead of
>>> Model, in the sense of Form and Content.
>>>
>>> Steven
>>>
>>>
>>> On Mon, 14 Oct 2019 19:19:53 +0200, Guntur Wiseno Putra <
>>> gsenopu@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>> Dear XFormsUsers and Steven,
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> It may be inspiring:
>>>
>>> So it is about "model"...? as "the word is used in so many different
>>> ways in common parlance as well as in academia" (Patterson, Z.,  "Model",
>>> 2008: discussing the word in relation with social science) ...?
>>>
>>> https://www.espacestemps.net/articles/model/
>>>
>>> Until the MarkupUK 2019 it is still said that the components of XForms
>>> are the model and the human interface (Steven Pemberton, "Declarative
>>> Applications").
>>>
>>> https://homepages.cwi.nl/~steven/Talks/2019/06-07-markup/
>>>
>>> Regard,
>>> Guntur Wiseno Putra
>>>
>>> Pada Rabu, 09 Oktober 2019, Guntur Wiseno Putra <gsenopu@gmail.com>
>>> menulis:
>>>
>>>> Dear XForms Users & Steven,
>>>>
>>>> To share what may be inspiring (May we say what are below...?):
>>>>
>>>> Somewhere a city of networks, those networks of languages, ones learn
>>>> on how to navigate it, how to work it out by such a strategic spatial
>>>> planning: thus there is a multiplanar methodology...
>>>>
>>>> https://www.espacestemps.net/en/articles/strategic-navigation/
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Regard,
>>>> Guntur Wiseno Putra
>>>>
>>>> Pada Rabu, 02 Oktober 2019, Guntur Wiseno Putra <gsenopu@gmail.com>
>>>> menulis:
>>>>
>>>>> Dear XFormsUsers and Steven,
>>>>>
>>>>> XForms, Networks of Languages, and Architecture...
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> As we are trying to say architecturally about "XForms" regarding
>>>>> with"networks of languages":  may we imagine such buildings "Plan of Pope
>>>>>  Sixtus V for Rome in Italy,1585", "Yi Yuan (Garden of Contentment) in
>>>>> Suzhou, China, 19th century" and "Plan for Washington D.C., USA, 1792" with
>>>>> their network configurations of the path (Ching, F.D.K, "Architecture:
>>>>> Form, Space and Order", John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007, pp. 276-277)...?
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> Regard,
>>>>> Guntur Wiseno Putra
>>>>>
>>>>> Pada Rabu, 02 Oktober 2019, Steven Pemberton <steven.pemberton@cwi.nl>
>>>>> menulis:
>>>>>
>>>>>> On Tue, 01 Oct 2019 17:32:50 +0200, Guntur Wiseno Putra <
>>>>>> gsenopu@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Dear XForm Users and Steven,
>>>>>>
>>>>>> To share what may be inspiring:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> It is known that there are architectures of machines and systems
>>>>>> regarding with computing technologies: does it sound fantastic if there is
>>>>>> a language supporting those architectures...? --a language by which we may
>>>>>> work out the architectures...? --thus we may build or renovate machines and
>>>>>> systems using the language...?
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Of a reading, "architecture" consists elements "form", "space", and
>>>>>> "order": does XForm language -- together with, if there are,  XSpace and
>>>>>> XOrder-- embody part of such an architectural programme...? --or at least
>>>>>> potentially...?
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> In XForms, the form is provided by the model, the order by the
>>>>>> content in the body, and the space by the CSS.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Best wishes,
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Steven
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Regard,
>>>>>> Guntur Wiseno Putra
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Pada Selasa, 01 Oktober 2019, Steven Pemberton <
>>>>>> steven.pemberton@cwi.nl> menulis:
>>>>>>
>>>>>>> It struck me that we should be making a collection of references to
>>>>>>> all papers about XForms.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Please reply to this message with examples you know that should be
>>>>>>> included. I will collect them all together.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Thanks!
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Steven
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> On Tue, 01 Oct 2019 15:40:30 +0200, Steven Pemberton <
>>>>>>> steven.pemberton@cwi.nl> wrote:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> By John Boyer.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Contains an XForms implementation of quicksort.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ABSTRACT
>>>>>>>> It is difficult to generally compare the succinctness of declarative
>>>>>>>> versus imperative programming as source code size varies. In
>>>>>>>> imperative programs, basic operations have constant cost, but they
>>>>>>>> tend to be more verbose than declarative programs, which increases
>>>>>>>> the potential for defects. This paper presents a novel approach for
>>>>>>>> a
>>>>>>>> generalized comparison by transforming the problem into comparing
>>>>>>>> executed code size of a benchmark imperative algorithm with
>>>>>>>> a partially declarative variant of the same algorithm. This allows
>>>>>>>> input size variation to substitute for source code size variation.
>>>>>>>> For
>>>>>>>> implementation, we use a multiparadigm language called XForms
>>>>>>>> that contains both declarative XPath expressions and imperative
>>>>>>>> script actions for interacting with XML data within web and office
>>>>>>>> documents. A novel partially declarative variant of the quicksort is
>>>>>>>> presented. Amortized analysis shows that onlyO(n) imperative
>>>>>>>> actions are executed, so the expressive power of the declarative constructs
>>>>>>>> is at least Ω(logn). In general, declarative constructs can
>>>>>>>> have an order of magnitude expressive power advantage compared
>>>>>>>> with only using basic imperative operations. The performance cost
>>>>>>>> factor of the expressive power advantage was determined to be
>>>>>>>> O(log2 n) based on a novel dynamic projection from the generalized
>>>>>>>> tree structure of XML data to a height balanced binary tree.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> https://dl.acm.org/results.cfm?within=owners.owner%3DHOSTED&
>>>>>>>> srt=_score&query=10.1145%2F3342558.3345397&Go.x=0&Go.y=0
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>
>>>
>>>
Received on Thursday, 17 October 2019 13:47:18 UTC

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