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Re: [wsbpel] [uddi-spec] WS-BPEL TN scope OK - but how about working with us on a B2B collaboration TN?

From: Steve Ross-Talbot <steve@enigmatec.net>
Date: Tue, 14 Dec 2004 13:01:46 +0000
Message-Id: <4F86DCEE-4DD0-11D9-975E-000393D13C9A@enigmatec.net>
Cc: <uddi-spec@lists.oasis-open.org>, "'Von Riegen, Claus'" <claus.von.riegen@sap.com>, "'James Bryce Clark'" <jamie.clark@oasis-open.org>, "'Trickovic, Ivana'" <ivana.trickovic@sap.com>, "'Tony Rogers'" <Tony.Rogers@ca.com>, "'John Evdemon'" <jevdemon@microsoft.com>, "'WS-Choreography List'" <public-ws-chor@w3.org>, "'Mary McRae'" <mary.mcrae@oasis-open.org>, "'Diane Jordan'" <drj@us.ibm.com>, "'Luc Clement'" <luc.clement@systinet.com>, <amarten@us.ibm.com>, "'wsbpeltc tc'" <wsbpel@lists.oasis-open.org>
To: "steve capell" <steve.capell@redwahoo.com>

Dear Steve,

Thank you for your prompt response and apologies for my rather tardy  
follow-up. Alas work has got the better of me. WS-CDL is very very  
close to being a last call document - just a case of dotting i's and  
crossing t's. And as I wrote earlier we have come a long way in just  
under two years. Like all good and lasting standards we have the  
backing of a significant set of users which has allowed us to focus on  
immediate benefits by focussing on immediate problems as well as  
balancing longer term aims through the active involvement of our  
academic invited experts (Kohei Honda, Nobuko Yoshida and Robin  
Milner).

To respond specifically to you questions there is no work in the area  
you described at this time. Most of the work to date has focussed on  
higher level business protocols like fpML, FIX, SWIFT and TWIST.

WS-CDL is not a replacement for WS-Coordination nor WS-Atomic  
Transaction. Today WS-CDL requires some level of coordination protocol  
to enforce alignment of state at the participants. We have looked at  
WS-CAF and that does feature as one possible solution in our  
specification. What WS-CDL does is to describe the observable behavior  
(from a business perspective so not the chatter that may occur below  
this level) of the peer to peer interaction between multiple  
participants. Thus we describe how shared knowledge can be inferred and  
can be explicitly transfered between participants but we do not say how  
it is achieved - we only describe it. Actually doing it in practice  
requires a stack of technology below us for messaging and communication  
so that parties do have a common understanding of their state relative  
to the choreography that we describe.

To provide further thoughts on what WS-CDL is all about so that you may  
have a better understanding consider the following:

Someone recently referred to WS-CDL as "UML on steroids", which oddly  
enough is not a bad description because what it does is describe the  
behavior of a distributed collaboration across domains. To many people  
this is simply a large distributed system.

Being able to describe such systems of collaboration and being able to  
test for conformance against such a description enables users of WS-CDL  
to ensure that their components (services or end-points) are doing the  
correct thing and not introducing side-effects. In this way it can act  
as a behavioral policy for services. Because of the formalism we can  
test for membership of a component based on it's observable behavior  
against a set defined by the choreography and so ensure  
interoperability is always achieved by members of the set.

On a final note I would be interested in collaborating in any work that  
tries to encode the patterns you mentioned so if you would also be  
interested then perhaps we should talk further.

Best Regards

Steve Ross-Talbot
Chair W3C Web Services
co-Chair W3C Web Services Choreography

C: +44 7855 268 848
H: +44 1273 491841
www.enigmatec.net

private email: steverosstalbot@yahoo.co.uk

On 8 Dec 2004, at 23:25, steve capell wrote:

> Steve,
> .....
>
> Maybe WS-CDL can replace WS-Coordintation and WS-Atomic Transaction  
> via a
> set of transaction patters?  I just don’t know enough about WS-CDL  
> yet. :-(

> Do you know of any work in this area?  If not then is the WS-CDL group
> interested to work on the definition of some naming & design rules and
> mapping rules that would permit a WS-CDL instance to be consistently
> generated from a UMM collaboration model?
> 	
> Don’t get me wrong, I'm not an ebXML bigot, I just find it much easier  
> to
> deploy a B2B architecture on ebXML because the rules are mostly already
> there.  I do believe that WS-** will eventually dominate the technical
> protocol space but I see no conflict between the UN/CEFACT eBusiness
> Architecture and the WS-** protocols - just that nobody has done the  
> mapping
> work yet.
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Steve Ross-Talbot [mailto:steve@enigmatec.net]
> Sent: Thursday, 9 December 2004 8:15 AM
> To: steve capell
> Cc: 'Von Riegen, Claus'; <uddi-spec@lists.oasis-open.org>; 'James Bryce
> Clark'; 'Mary McRae'; 'Trickovic, Ivana'; WS-Choreography List; John
> Evdemon; Diane Jordan; 'Tony Rogers'; 'Luc Clement'; wsbpeltc tc;
> <amarten@us.ibm.com>
> Subject: Re: [wsbpel] [uddi-spec] WS-BPEL TN scope OK - but how about
> working with us on a B2B collaboration TN?
>
> Dear Steve,
>
> I would, as I have done at various times, suggest looking at WS-CDL.
> WS-CDL is designed to model collaborative processes and has been done
> so from it's inception. Today WS-CDL is nearing last call in W3C and
> has been well received by many financial service institutions who are
> looking to WS-CDl as a way of encoding business protocols that are
> collaborative, multi-party and peer-to-peer - the very things that
> WS-CDL is designed to deal with. We have also benefited greatly from
> the involvement of esteemed academics within the group such as Prof
> Robin Milner, Dr Kohei Honda dn Dr Nobuko Yoshida who are all leading
> exponents of behavioral typing systems that underpin the WS-CDL.
>
> The marriage of WS-CDL with UDDI as a means of ensuring conformance (to
> a behavioral contract) is something that has proven very attractive as
> an overall message to users. This is one reason why I think it makes
> sense for you and others to take a very close look at WS-CDL when it
> does go to last call in the very near future. Your comments will be
> most welcome.
>
Best Regards

Steve Ross-Talbot
Chair W3C Web Services
co-Chair W3C Web Services Choreography

C: +44 7855 268 848
H: +44 1273 491841
www.enigmatec.net

private email: steverosstalbot@yahoo.co.uk
>
> On 8 Dec 2004, at 21:00, steve capell wrote:
>
>> Ivana,
>>
>>  
>>
>> Thank you for your response.  I am pleased to see that SAP has
>> considered the use case B2B use case - and I do understand your
>> concerns about the ability of abstract BPEL to model B2B collaborative
>> processes.  In that context I agree with the scope of your BPEL TN and
>> am happy to remove my objection.
>>
>>  
>>
>> However I would like to mention that we are actively engaged with the
>> Australian government in modelling B2B processes in order to develop a
>> national standard. The deployment framework does include the use of a
>> services registry (UDDI or ebXML).  Therefore our need still remains
>> and I would like to ask SAP and/or anyone else on the TC whether they
>> would be interested to work with us on a registry meta-model for B2B
>> collaborative processes (based on UN/CEFACT UMM).  At present we have
>> done some work on mapping UMM to BPSS and CPA and from there to UDDI. 
>> The UDDI meta-model does include explicit enumeration of multi-party
>> collaborations, roles within those collaborations, binary contracts,
>> and bindings.  We would be willing to contribute this work to form the
>> basis of a TN on the subject and would be happy to work with SAP on
>> developing the material further.
>>
>>  
>>
>> Regards,
>>
>>  
>>
>> Steve
>>
>>  
>>
>>
>> From: Trickovic, Ivana [mailto:ivana.trickovic@sap.com]
>>  Sent: Wednesday, 8 December 2004 2:33 AM
>> To: steve capell; Luc Clement; drj@us.ibm.com; jevdemon@microsoft.com;
>> Von Riegen, Claus; amarten@us.ibm.com
>> Cc: uddi-spec@lists.oasis-open.org; wsbpel@lists.oasis-open.org; James
>> Bryce Clark; Mary McRae; Tony Rogers
>> Subject: AW: [wsbpel] [uddi-spec] some comments on "Using BPEL4WS in a
>> UDDI registry" Technical Note
>>
>>  
>>
>> Steve,
>>
>>  
>>
>> The use case you mentioned below is interesting and it has been
>> considered. It is not supported in the technical note because modeling
>> multi-party B2B processes (collaborative processes) using BPEL4WS
>> abstract processes is limited to modeling the behavior of each of
>> participants separately and only binary relationships between them.
>> This limitation must be addressed outside of the UDDI TC and work on
>> this technical note. From our point of view, the primary purpose of
>> BPEL4WS abstract processes is to extend the WSDL service definition
>> with the behavioral aspects – to specify observable behavior of Web
>> services.
>>
>>   
>>
>> As you also pointed out, the concept of role and relationships between
>> roles within a scenario are critical features for modeling
>> collaborative processes. BPEL4WS provides only a limited view on
>> collaborative processes specifying all binary relationships between
>> involved parties. Roles defined within bpel partner link types are
>> fine granular roles. A role within a collaborative process might be
>> refined into 2 or more bpel roles. Another point is that it is
>> unlikely that roles will be globally unique. A role has meaning only
>> within a context (= scenario/collaborative process), so that context
>> needs to be published in UDDI as well. There is a need for explicit
>> notion of collaborative processes - it is a container for all roles
>> involved in a conversation.
>>
>>   
>>
>> These are the reasons why we decided to restrict the scope of the
>> first version of the technical note. The use case it covers is clear
>> and we believe the proposal can be easily extended as soon as open
>> questions mentioned above are addresses. We do not think that the
>> questions will be addresses by the WS-BPEL TC (collaborative processes
>> are not part of the TC Charter).
>>
>>   
>>
>> Regarding your doubt: The reason why we included all port types is
>> that operations partners must implement describe messages partners
>> must be able to consume (and produce, in case of request-response
>> operations) but do not prescribe any specific behavior (e.g. whether
>> messages are received in sequence or not). They only describe
>> requirements for the service consumer(s) (in the same sense in which
>> the abstract process of the service provider does).
>>
>>  
>>
>> Kind regards,
>>
>>  
>>
>> Ivana 
>>
>>  -----Ursprüngliche Nachricht-----
>> Von: steve capell [mailto:steve.capell@redwahoo.com]
>> Gesendet: Mittwoch, 1. Dezember 2004 12:59
>> An: 'Luc Clement'; drj@us.ibm.com; jevdemon@microsoft.com
>> Cc: uddi-spec@lists.oasis-open.org; wsbpel@lists.oasis-open.org;
>> 'James Bryce Clark'; 'Mary McRae'; 'Tony Rogers'
>> Betreff: [wsbpel] [uddi-spec] some comments on "Using BPEL4WS in a
>> UDDI registry" Technical Note
>>
>> Hello all,
>>
>>  
>>
>> I think the BPEL technical note is pretty good but it seems to me that
>> there is a potentially very useful little bit of meta-data missing:
>>
>>  
>>
>> An Abstract BPEL is supposed to model a multi-party long running
>> process.  The series of interactions in the process are broken down
>> into bilateral conversations modelled by the partnerlink Type element
>> that defines the two roles (and the port types they implement)
>> involved in the conversation.  
>>
>>   
>>
>> It seems to me that a common application of abstract BPEL will be to
>> model B2B processes and the choreography of interactions within a
>> two-party conversation.  For two parties to engage in such a
>> conversation they must play COMPLEMENTARY roles in the conversation. 
>> Accordingly a common query that might be made by a business entity
>> that plays the role “seller” in the “eancom procurement process” bpel
>> could be “show me all business Entities in my geography that provide a
>> business service that supports the role seller in the eancom
>> procurement process”.  In short the seller is trying to find customers
>> that have a compatible (ie complementary) interface.
>>
>>  
>>
>> Now the problem is that the TN (so far as I can see) only results in
>> publication of one tModel for the process.  The TN says that “all port
>> types used in the process” are listed in the process tModel using the
>> wsdl portTypeReference tModel.  If a particular bpel references (say)
>> 4 port types in various namespaces, there is no way to support this
>> query because we don’t know which of the four port types is linked to
>> which role and therefore which ones are complementary.  Would it not
>> make sense to also have a tModel for each ROLE in the bpel (defined by
>> the partnerlink types) and a new tmodel keyed reference that points to
>> the “complementary role”.  In this case the model would look more
>> like:
>>
>>  
>>
>> Process tModel (with links to roles via a roleReference category bag
>> element)
>>
>> Role tModel (with links to the portTypes provided by the Role via the
>> wsdl portType reference AND a link to the complementary Role with a
>> new reference tModel)
>>
>> PortType tModel – as per TN2 standard.
>>
>>  
>>
>> Also - just a point of clarification here, when the TN says that the
>> process tModel references that “all port types used in the process” -
>> I assume this means ALL port types in the BPEL, whether in an <invoke>
>> element or a <receive> element?  Ie all port types whether they are
>> PROVIDED by the bpel or CONSUMED by the bpel?  If so then my previous
>> discussion make some sense.  If only the portTypes PROVIDED by the
>> bpel are included then the whole discussion around complementary roles
>> is invalid and the eancom seller can’t find his potential customers.
>>
>>  
>>
>> In our implementation of UDDI in Australia, we are taking a very
>> process centric view of B2B collaborations and this whole story of
>> roles and complementary roles is fundamental to the architecture.
>>
>>  
>>
>> Of course there is an entirely separate discussion about whether
>> abstract BPEL is an appropriate standard to model collaborative B2B
>> processes in the first place (they are really choreographies whilst
>> bpel is an orchestration language).  That aside, I am sure that at
>> some point bpel will be targeted at describing abstract conversations
>> and then this issue of how you represent them in uddi becomes quite
>> important.
>>
>>  
>>
>> Sorry this is so late in the day (but it is still before the 3rd
>> December deadline!).
>>
>>  
>>
>> Regards
>>
>>  
>>
>>
>> From: Luc Clement [mailto:luc.clement@systinet.com]
>>  Sent: Saturday, 27 November 2004 12:47 AM
>> To: drj@us.ibm.com; jevdemon@microsoft.com
>> Cc: uddi-spec@lists.oasis-open.org; wsbpel@lists.oasis-open.org;
>> 'James Bryce Clark'; 'Mary McRae'; 'Tony Rogers'
>> Subject: [uddi-spec] RE: [wsbpel] "Using BPEL4WS in a UDDI registry"
>> OASIS UDDI Spec TC Technical Note - Review Requested
>>
>>  
>>
>> Having provided sufficient time to review the "Using BPEL4WS in a UDDI
>> Registry" Technical Note it is the UDDI Spec TC’s opinion this
>> Technical Note is ready to be published. It is our intent to publish
>> this TN by the end of this calendar year. That said, should you have
>> additional feedback please provide it no later than 3 Dec so it may be
>> considered prior to the expected ratification of the TN by this TC in
>> mid-Dec.
>>
>>  We understand that there may be unresolved issues relating to the
>> relevance of abstract processes as it relates to the WSBPEL
>> specification. We would like to draw your attention to the fact that
>> the TN applies to the BPEL4WS 1.1 specification submitted to the
>> WSBPEL TC and which defines the concept of abstract processes. The
>> decision to map BPEL4WS 1.1 was deliberate – the TN aims at addressing
>> current market needs.
>>
>>  
>>
>> Luc Clément
>> Senior Program Manager, Systinet
>>  Co-Chair OASIS UDDI Spec TC
>>  Tel: +1.617.768.4268 / Cell: +1.978.793.2162 / www.systinet.com
>>
>>  
>>
>>
>> From: Luc Clement [mailto:luc.clement@systinet.com]
>>  Sent: Tuesday, August 03, 2004 20:59
>> To: drj@us.ibm.com; jevdemon@microsoft.com
>> Cc: uddi-spec@lists.oasis-open.org; wsbpel@lists.oasis-open.org; Karl
>> F. Best; James Bryce Clark; Mary McRae; Tony Rogers
>> Subject: [wsbpel] "Using BPEL4WS in a UDDI registry" OASIS UDDI Spec
>> TC Technical Note - Review Requested
>>
>> Dear WSBPEL Chairs,
>>
>> The UDDI Spec TC has been working on a “Using BPEL4WS in a UDDI
>> registry” Technical Note (TN) that it would like your input on before
>> proceeding to ratify this TN.
>>
>> The TN provides a mapping for publishing BPEL4WS abstract processes
>> into a UDDI registry. The primary goals of mapping BPEL4WS artifacts
>> to the UDDI model are to:
>> 	1.  	Enable the automatic registration of BPEL4WS definitions in
> UDDI
>> 	2.  	Enable optimized and flexible UDDI queries based on specific
>
>> BPEL4WS artifacts and metadata
>> 	3.  	Provide composability with the mapping described in
> the "Using
>> WSDL in a UDDI Registry, Version 2.0.2" [1] Technical Note.
>>
>> We would like to invite the BPEL TC to review and comment on the
>> document and ask that you assign two or more reviewers.
>>
>>  The TN is posted at the following locations by format:
>> 	• 	PDF:
>> http://www.oasis-open.org/apps/org/workgroup/uddi-spec/download.php/
>> 8442/uddi-spec-tc-tn-bpel-20040725.pdf
>> 	• 	MSWord:
>> http://www.oasis-open.org/apps/org/workgroup/uddi-spec/download.php/
>> 8441/uddi-spec-tc-tn-bpel-20040725.doc
>>
>> We would appreciate comments as soon as possible but preferably before
>> 31 Aug 04. Please submit comments:
>>
>> To: Claus von Riegen, SAP (claus.von.riegen@sap.com),
>>
>>  cc: (UDDI Chairs): luc.clement@systinet.com; tony.rogers@ca.com
>>
>> cc: uddi-spec@lists.oasis-open.org
>>
>> Thanks in advance
>>
>> Luc Clément                       
>>
>>  Co-Chair OASIS UDDI Spec TC
>>
>> Systinet Corporation
>>  Tel: +1.617.395.6798
>>
>>  
>>
>>  
>>
>> [1] OASIS UDDI Spec TC Technical Note: “Using WSDL in a UDDI Registry,
>> Version 2.0.2”,
>> http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/uddi-spec/doc/tns.htm#WSDLTNV2
>>
>
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Received on Tuesday, 14 December 2004 13:36:59 UTC

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