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RE: suggestion of something like geoDate and geoDuration

From: <Simon.Cox@csiro.au>
Date: Mon, 2 Mar 2015 21:55:49 +0000
To: <thadguidry@gmail.com>, <ppkrauss@gmail.com>
CC: <public-vocabs@w3c.org>
Message-ID: <2A7346E8D9F62D4CA8D78387173A054A600D2798@exmbx04-cdc.nexus.csiro.au>
Furthermore, the calibration of the geologic timescale is continually updated as new observations are made concerning the type-sections.
So it is actually be incorrect to use numbers instead of the words that denote the characteristic features of the period.

Simon Cox

From: Thad Guidry [mailto:thadguidry@gmail.com]
Sent: Tuesday, 3 March 2015 2:52 AM
To: Peter Krauss
Cc: public-vocabs@w3c.org
Subject: Re: suggestion of something like geoDate and geoDuration

To be clear, I am not FOR dual time units.  I want only 1 representation of time(with many properties as needed).  Where that time can be given multiple categorizations of Eons, Periods,
whatever, etc.  Time and Date in our current schema just needs a little more love and properties under them to enable that and Approximate, i.e. Circa.

I was simply relaying the fact that the Sciences have a need for partitioning startDate's and endDate's without being explicit with them.

To me, time is absolute.  Humans just want/need more context and words and symbols to categorize particular startDate's and endDate's ...
without explicitly saying or giving the startDate and endDate...because it is implied, such as Miocene.


On Mon, Mar 2, 2015 at 9:15 AM, Peter Krauss <ppkrauss@gmail.com<mailto:ppkrauss@gmail.com>> wrote:
About "Palo and Geo contexts" explained by Thad Guidry and others,
in the topic "Circa. dates" (for "publishing date" in bibliographies/reference lists)
   (see attached email thread)
... I understand that the topic here is a new topic, that can be isolated and
more objectively discussed.
It is a suggestion, to create new properties, something like

  geoDate       = geological date (X giga-years ago)
  geoDuration  = geological duration (X kilo-years)

so, I created this new topic in the list. Sorry if was wrong my interpretation.

- - - - -

About the Guidry's cited article (40890_articles_article_file_1641.pdf<http://www.agiweb.org/nacsn/40890_articles_article_file_1641.pdf>), that use different units for date and duration, I think is better to use the same "geoTime units" for both, see

2015-03-02 11:42 GMT-03:00 Thad Guidry <thadguidry@gmail.com<mailto:thadguidry@gmail.com>>:
I agree with the authors
of this paper where SI is compared and Palo and Geo contexts are taken into account.  The need for
date structures for the Sciences is clearly stated.


On Mon, Mar 2, 2015 at 2:19 AM, <Simon.Cox@csiro.au<mailto:Simon.Cox@csiro.au>> wrote:
However, the geological timescale is hierarchical.
For the named periods there is an ordering within each 'rank', but the ranks are nested. [1] [2]
So a single sort order doesn't work for named periods if they are of different ranks.
And at the finest scales, the scale is defined on a per region or locality basis.

Only the boundaries form a single sequence, and the periods are defined in terms of the boundaries that define their beginning and end.
So it is actually more like a constrained topology.

[1] http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/GES00022.1

[2] http://stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale

-----Original Message-----
From: Dave Caroline [mailto:dave.thearchivist@gmail.com<mailto:dave.thearchivist@gmail.com>]
Sent: Monday, 2 March 2015 6:48 PM
To: Cox, Simon (L&W, Highett)
Cc: Richard.Wallis@oclc.org<mailto:Richard.Wallis@oclc.org>; public-vocabs@w3c.org<mailto:public-vocabs@w3c.org>
Subject: Re: Circa. dates

The mixing of fuzzy and textual and numeric dates makes me think of a similar problem in sorting text which is solved by collation(sorting
rule) in a database.

I think dates classified this way would become easy to search, sort and intermingle expressions of dates

Dave Caroline

On 01/03/2015, Simon.Cox@csiro.au<mailto:Simon.Cox@csiro.au> <Simon.Cox@csiro.au<mailto:Simon.Cox@csiro.au>> wrote:
> Also note that as soon as you get into 'named' time periods, then you
> have to tangle with non-Gregorian calendars.
> ISO 8601 only deals with Gregorian dates. XML Schema (and,
> transitively,
> OWL-Time) inherit this limitation.
> This doesn't work for many situations, not only geologic time and
> pre-historic time, but also non-Gregorian calendars used currently in
> some communities (Hebrew, Arabic, Baha'i calendars).
> And then there are coordinate systems, like Unix time and Loran-C,
> which express time with a number on a line with a direction and origin.
> See
> http://semantic-web-journal.net/content/time-ontology-extended-non-gre

> gorian-calendar-applications-0 for a longer discussion, along with
> proposed solutions for OWL applications.
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Dave Caroline [mailto:dave.thearchivist@gmail.com<mailto:dave.thearchivist@gmail.com>]
> Sent: Sunday, 1 March 2015 5:23 AM
> To: Wallis,Richard
> Cc: public-vocabs@w3c.org<mailto:public-vocabs@w3c.org>
> Subject: Re: Circa. dates
> It gets worse, dates have bugged me for a long time a few examples one
> sees circa 300BC Jurassic period Caroline period
> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caroline_era

> 16th century
> Database designers seem to have dodged the issue
> Dave Caroline (name not related to the period I think)
> On 28/02/2015, Wallis,Richard <Richard.Wallis@oclc.org<mailto:Richard.Wallis@oclc.org>> wrote:
>> Hi all,
>> With colleagues I have been looking at how we might handle historical
>> approximate dates in Schema.org<http://Schema.org>.  The initial
>> requirement being to be able to describe an old book or manuscript
>> published say in approximately 1765.  A common need in the
>> bibliographic world, with the normal string based solution being
>> "circa. 1765", or "c. 1765" - Wikipedia providing some
>> examples<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circa>.
>> The knee-jerk reaction was to suggest some sort of
>> approximateDateCreated property for CreativeWork which would not only
>> help us bibliographic folks but also those in museums and galleries
>> with similar date approximation needs.
>> Broadening the analysis it became clear that this need could be
>> applicable in most any case where you would expect a
>> Date<http://schema.org/Date> in the range of a property.  birthDate,
>> deathDate, dateCreated, datePublished, foundingDate, all being all
>> potential candidates for Circa style dates.
>> Rolling things into the future you could imagine other examples such
>> as wanting to describe the last serviced date of a vehicle being
>> circa 2013.
>> So how to solve this in a simple, yet generic, way?
>> We could take advantage of the default "if you haven't got a
>> specified type for a property, a Text is acceptable" pattern in
>> Schema, and just put in a text string with a defined format: "c.1765".
>> Perhaps a more appropriate solution would be to define a new data
>> type, to be added to the range of suitable properties.
>> My pragmatic (KISS and don't break stuff) view of this leads me to
>> suggest a new data type named 'circaData', or maybe 'approximateDate'
>> as a subType of Date.  With descriptive information in the Type
>> definition explaining why/how you would use it in the use cases I
>> describe above.
>> This approach would add this important functionality, for those
>> describing old stuff, without the need for major upheaval across the
>> vocabulary, and would at least default to a date for those that do
>> not care or look for such approximation aspect of dates.
>> ~Richard

Received on Monday, 2 March 2015 21:56:32 UTC

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