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Re: [a11y-metadata-project] accessHazard

From: Andy Heath <andyheath@axelrod.plus.com>
Date: Wed, 02 Oct 2013 01:39:52 +0100
Message-ID: <524B6B58.1030700@axelrod.plus.com>
To: Charles McCathie Nevile <chaals@yandex-team.ru>
CC: Madeleine Rothberg <madeleine_rothberg@wgbh.org>, Charles Myers <charlesm@benetech.org>, "a11y-metadata-project@googlegroups.com" <a11y-metadata-project@googlegroups.com>, "public-vocabs@w3.org" <public-vocabs@w3.org>
I agree with Chaals (McN) on this - to say "none" doesn't allow for 
other kinds of hazards to be thought of later (though Chaals - 
re-indexing must I guess be something you do sometimes).

For example, one area we didn't do (yet) is cognitive - many resources 
are already labelled (in the informal content description) with stuff 
like "may contain upsetting material" - these kinds of terms might be 
beyond the scope of accessibility Metadata but I would not personally 
want to set that in concrete yet.

What this discussion does illustrate is that when new terms come along 
there will be a need to re-index (or re-interpret) what we know about a 
resource - also as technology advances and we are just able to determine 
more about particular resources and do more with them we may need to do 
that. For that reason, I'm not sure how I feel about the proposed

AccessMode=X+Y

(e.g. AccessMode=Visual+Auditory)

model because *any* structure like this in the Metadata expressed as 
associated with the resource may constrain what we can "know" about it 
as the kinds of transformations and the kinds of inference we can make 
increase.  It also bothers me that some of this information may be 
inferred from the context at the time. For example it might be in the 
case above that the auditory modality is only an equivalent for the 
visual in some environments where say particular supports are available, 
maybe particular AT - or it may be that at a later stage as technology 
improves we might augment that auditory with extra information 
discovered by an automated analysis of that resource and related 
resources used by others, or from feedback from other users. So 
information available only at delivery time might change that 
relationship. If its coded in the explicit Metadata we are stuck. 
Similarly there may be information that is available only at 
search-engine indexing time (i.e. not available at authoring time).

Surely there is scope here for search engines to compete in the market 
place on the indexing algorithms and the way the matching to user 
preferences and specific contexts is done ?

andy
> On Wed, 02 Oct 2013 00:10:42 +0200, Charles Myers
> <charlesm@benetech.org> wrote:
>
>> Charles McN had a great idea when he brought this up.  But it may
>> actually be a bit simpler to specify.
>> Rather than sav
>>
>>
>>   *   noFlashing
>>   *   noMotionSimulation
>>   *   noSound
>>
>> in addition to the three properties we have today
>>
>>   *   flashing
>>   *   motionSimulation
>>   *   sound
>>
>> we might just want to have a state of "none" (saying that you checked
>> and that there are no hazards that you are aware of).
>>
>> That would change the spec to
>>
>>   *   flashing
>>   *   motionSimulation
>>   *   sound
>>   *   none (or noHazard)
>>
>> which makes it cleaner.  I think that saying the negative to each of
>> the three properties would be a bit tedious.  And, of course, not
>> having the property means that it has not been checked.
>
> Yeah, but we would want to be pretty sure that "none" really means none,
> and nobody will identify a new hazard in the future that we didn't
> notice. While I suspect we are "close enough" in practice, I prefer to
> be really really conservative in this case.
>
> I am thinking of the case where we discover that flashing at 3-7Hz is a
> problem, but certain colour changes in a given frequency that don't
> actually come across as flashing also turn out to cause problems. If we
> can figure out what they are and define them in 2023 I'd hate to have a
> million resources that say they have no hazards, when in fact we could
> get a few thousand of them properly marked with the particular hazard
> they do contain.
>
> We need to be aware that this is messy. "Invisible metadata" will have a
> certain rate of error that can increase over time - 1/3 might not be an
> unreasonable guess although I hope it is much lower than that. As I
> argued earlier, this is still better than 80%, if we only get 20% of
> active hazards marked under the current approach. But it still implies a
> real level of risk to real people. "No risk" is a 'brave' statement, and
> I am not sure that I believe we know enough to make it reasonably
> accurately.
>
> Adding the noFlashing, noSound, etc seems to me a reasonable thing to do.
>
> cheers
>
> Chaals
>
>> On Oct 1, 2013, at 1:38 PM, Madeleine Rothberg
>> <madeleine_rothberg@wgbh.org<mailto:madeleine_rothberg@wgbh.org>>
>>  wrote:
>>
>> Chuck has updated the issues list to include the discussion of whether
>> accessHazard should state positive or negative information. See that post
>> and my comments, which are also below, at:
>> [http://www.w3.org/wiki/WebSchemas/Accessibility/Issues_Tracker#accessHazar
>>
>> d_-_Ok_as_is.2C_or_should_it_be_negated_in_sense.3F]
>>
>> I believe we need both accessHazard=flashing and accessHazard=noFlashing,
>> etc.. This is because there are three cases we'd like to distinguish:
>>
>> 1. checked and it's fine
>> 2. checked and it is NOT fine
>> 3. didn't check
>>
>> "Didn't check" can be signified by no metadata -- this will be most of
>> the
>> content on the Web. In cases where someone has checked, let's record both
>> positive and negative states.
>>
>> -Madeleine
>>
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>
>




andy
andyheath@axelrod.plus.com
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Received on Wednesday, 2 October 2013 00:40:23 UTC

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