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Annotations and metadata in RIF

From: Jos de Bruijn <debruijn@inf.unibz.it>
Date: Mon, 28 Jan 2008 18:53:19 +0100
Message-ID: <479E168F.8010808@inf.unibz.it>
To: RIF WG <public-rif-wg@w3.org>
Dear all,

This e-mail contains a proposal for the incorporation of annotations in RIF.

== prelude ==

We distinguish between two kinds of annotations:
1 annotations which can be ignored for rule set processing (e.g., 
author, date, title, natural language description); we call these 
annotations *metadata*
2 annotations which cannot be ignored for rule set processing (e.g., 
imports, data set references); we call these annotations *attributes* 
[this name is not very good; suggestions are welcome]

Annotations can be written about any rule set or rule.

Since metadata can be ignored for rule set processing, we do not 
restrict the metadata properties which can be used in any dialect.
Attribute properties cannot be ignored; in fact, all attribute 
properties must be understood by anyone who processes rule sets of a 
particular dialect.  Therefore, every dialect has a fixed set of 
attributes properties which may be used.
Suggested attribute properties for BLD: rif:imports, 
rif:requiresDataSet, rif:dataModel (see [1] for a description of the 
rif:requiresDataSet and rif:dataModel properties).

== Extension of the presentation syntax ==

The syntax for rule sets and rules needs to be extended to allow for 
rule set and rule identification.  Furthermore, it is convenient to 
group annotations together with rule sets and rules. Finally, it is 
currently foreseen that rule sets can have both metadata and attributes, 
and rules can only have metadata.  We propose the following modification 
of the grammar:

   Ruleset  ::= ' Ruleset( ' iri? Attribute* Metadata* RULE* ' ) '
   Attribute ::= ' Attribute ( ' iri Const ' ) '
   Metadata ::= ' Metadata ( ' iri Const ' ) '
   RULE     ::= ' Rule( ' iri? Metadata* RuleContent ' ) '
   RuleContent ::= ' Forall ' Var+ ' ( ' RULE ' ) ' | Implies | ATOMIC
   Implies  ::= ATOMIC ' :- ' CONDITION

Metadata properties can be any IRI; each RIF dialect prescribes a fixed 
list of attributes properties.

Neither attributes nor metadata are reflected in the model theory.

If it is deemed necessary that arbitrary metadata statements (not only 
about rule sets and rules) can be added, the following change could be 
made to the Ruleset production:

   Ruleset  ::= ' Ruleset( ' iri? Attribute* Metadata* (RULE | 
MetadataStatement)* ' ) '
   MetadataStatement  ::= ' MetadataStatement ( ' Const iri Const ' ) '

== Extension of the XML syntax ==

Ruleset(  rs1
   Attribute("a1"^^rif:iri "v1"^^rif:iri)
   Attribute("a2"^^rif:iri "v2"^^xsd:string)
   Metadata("a3"^^rif:iri  "v3"^^xsd:string)
   Metadata("a4"^^rif:iri  "v4"^^rif:iri)
   Rule( r1
     Metadata("a5"^^rif:iri  "v5"^^xsd:string)

translates to

<Ruleset rif:identifier="rs1">
   <Attribute rif:identifier="a1" type="rif:iri">v1</Attribute>
   <Attribute rif:identifier="a2" type="xsd:string">v2</Attribute>
   <Metadata rif:identifier="a3" type="xsd:string">v3</Metadata>
   <Metadata rif:identifier="a4" type="rif:iri">v4</Metadata>
   <Rule rif:identifier="r1">
     <Metadata rif:identifier="a5" type="xsd:string">v5</Metadata>

best, Jos

[1] http://www.w3.org/2005/rules/wg/wiki/Arch/Data_Sets
Jos de Bruijn            debruijn@inf.unibz.it
+390471016224         http://www.debruijn.net/
Doubt is not a pleasant condition, but
certainty is absurd.
   - Voltaire

Received on Monday, 28 January 2008 17:53:50 UTC

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