W3C home > Mailing lists > Public > public-rif-wg@w3.org > March 2006

Re: Append solution using pure production rules

From: Gary Hallmark <gary.hallmark@oracle.com>
Date: Thu, 16 Mar 2006 10:05:04 -0800
Message-ID: <4419A8D0.4090205@oracle.com>
To: public-rif-wg@w3.org

The problem with ad hoc languages is you have to do your own type 
checking.  That 3rd rule should be

   appendArgs([H|T], X), appendResult(T, X, R) -> appendResult([H|T], X, 
[H|R])


Gary Hallmark wrote:

> This is a follow up to last week's email thread where Hassan issued a 
> challenge to write production rules to perform append, presumably 
> restricted to assert actions and the following operations on sequences 
> (or lists): first, rest, cons, isEmpty, and isEqual.
>
> First is a terse solution in an ad hoc language:
>
>     appendArgs([],R) -> appendResult([], R, R)
>     appendArgs([H|T], R) -> appendArgs(T, R)
>     appendArgs([H|T], X), appendResult(T, X) -> appendResult([H|T], X, 
> [H|R])
>
> To perform an append, assert an appendArgs fact, e.g.
>
>     appendArgs([a b c], [d e]).
>
> The result is contained in an appendResult fact, e.g.
>
>     appendResult([a b c], [d e], [a b c d e])
>
> I have tested this using Oracle's ascii java-like production rule 
> language, which I've attached.
>
>
>------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>/*
>	This is a sample program written in Oracle's java-like rule language (RL).
>
>	This sample uses Rules to append 2 lists.  
>	We use java.util.List, but we use only get(0),
>	isEmpty(), add(0), and subList(1, size()) methods.
>
>	We define RL functions to look "lispy" that encapsulate the List methods.
>	This doubles as a use-case for user defined functions in RIF, by the way.
>*/
>import java.util.*;
>
>function cons(Object first, List rest) returns List {  	
>	List ret = new ArrayList(rest);
>	ret.add(0, first);  
>	return ret;
>}
>
>function isEmpty(List list) returns boolean {
>	return list.isEmpty();
>}
>
>function isEqual(List list1, List list2) returns boolean {
>	return list1.equals(list2);
>}
>
>function first(List list) returns Object {
>	return list.get(0);
>}
>
>function rest(List list) returns List {
>	return list.subList(1, list.size());
>}
>
>class AppendArgs {
>	List left;
>	List right;
>}
>
>class AppendResult {
>	List left;
>	List right;
>	List result;
>}
>
>
>rule push {
>	if fact AppendArgs a && !isEmpty(a.left) {
>		assert(new AppendArgs(left: rest(a.left), right: a.right));
>	}
>}
>
>rule base {
>	if fact AppendArgs a && isEmpty(a.left) {
>		assert (new AppendResult(left: a.left, right: a.right, result: a.right));
>	}
>}
>
>rule pop {
>	if fact AppendArgs a && !isEmpty(a.left) && fact AppendResult r && 
>		isEqual(rest(a.left), r.left) && isEqual(a.right, r.right) {
>		assert(new AppendResult(
>			left: a.left, right: a.right, 
>			result: cons(first(a.left), r.result)));
>	}
>}
>
>final List left  = Arrays.asList(new String[]{"a", "b", "c"});
>final List right = Arrays.asList(new String[]{"d", "e"});
>
>assert(new AppendArgs(left: left, right: right));  
>
>rule printResult {
>	if fact AppendResult r && isEqual(r.left, left) && isEqual(r.right, right) {
>		println(r.result);
>	}
>}
>
>run();
>
>//prints: [a, b, c, d, e]
>
>  
>
Received on Thursday, 16 March 2006 18:05:27 GMT

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.2.0+W3C-0.50 : Tuesday, 2 June 2009 18:33:27 GMT