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Re: Unicode NFC - status, and RDF Concepts

From: Alex Hall <alexhall@revelytix.com>
Date: Mon, 10 Oct 2011 10:50:58 -0400
Message-ID: <CAFq2biwZ+y5NjpBAHWf-_7w0_upDWoJ3ryjO=on2d6f7Ytu=jA@mail.gmail.com>
To: "Eric Prud'hommeaux" <eric@w3.org>
Cc: Andy Seaborne <andy.seaborne@epimorphics.com>, public-rdf-wg@w3.org
On Mon, Oct 10, 2011 at 10:01 AM, Eric Prud'hommeaux <eric@w3.org> wrote:

> * Andy Seaborne <andy.seaborne@epimorphics.com> [2011-10-10 11:10+0100]
> >
> >
> > On 10/10/11 10:34, Eric Prud'hommeaux wrote:
> > >* "Martin J. Dürst"<duerst@it.aoyama.ac.jp>  [2011-10-10 06:43+0000]
> > >>Hello Jeremy,
> > >>
> > >>Great to hear from you again after a long time!
> > >
> > >Ahh, nice to see the crew assembled.
> > >
> > >>On 2011/10/10 14:19, Jeremy Carroll wrote:
> > >>>
> > >>>Several years ago, I was an editor of RDF Concepts and we included the
> > >>>following:
> > >>>http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/
> > >>>[[
> > >>>The string in both plain and typed literals is recommended to be in
> > >>>Unicode Normal Form C [NFC]. This is motivated by [CHARMOD]
> particularly
> > >>>section 4 Early Uniform Normalization.
> > >>>]]
> > >>>and
> > >>>[[
> > >>>All literals have a lexical form being a Unicode [UNICODE] string,
> which
> > >>>SHOULD be in Normal Form C [NFC].
> > >>>]]
> > >>>
> > >>>As we review this document, it has been noted that the CHARMOD
> reference
> > >>>is out-of-date, the reference to, section 4 of
> > >>>http://www.w3.org/TR/2003/WD-charmod-20030822/#sec-Normalization
> > >>>has been replaced by the fairly different
> > >>>http://www.w3.org/TR/charmod-norm/#sec-EarlyUniformNormalization
> > >>>and that WD seems to have been abandoned, and no consensus reached.
> > >>>
> > >>>What advice, if any, do I18N experts offer the RDF WG, updating the
> > >>>advice of 2002?
> > >>
> > >>I'd recommend to keep the text the same, and just tweak or remove the
> reference. I unfortunately didn't have enough time to follow changes in
> charmod-norm in detail, but I hope to be able to catch up with more active
> members of the WG next week at the Internationalization and Unicode
> Conference in San Jose.
> > >
> > >While you're at it, could you get a sense of the implementation burden
> of normalization?
> > >
> > >By imposing early normalization (NFC, in our case) we minimize the
> matching burden and define a behavior which is adequate for non-normalized
> data as well. If someone produces data with normalized terms
> > >   <http://example.com/~bob/résum>  # U00E9
> > >and someone queries for it using the same term, life's good,
> predictable, and in spec. If someone produces data with non-normalized terms
> > >   <http://example.com/~bob/résumé>  # U0065 U0301
> > >and queries using the same term, life's still OK, less predictable (it
> won't match the normalized (correct) term), and explicitly out of spec. As
> SemWev tools become more industry-hardened, it would be nice to see input
> tools (e.g. interactive data and query builders) normalize e.g. user paste
> events. How much does that cost? Is it any cheaper to detect non-normalized
> input (in a term-validating parser) than it is to C-normalize?
> >
> > The RDF Concepts text only applies to the lexical form for a literal.
>
> Ahh, I didn't reallize that. Like with literals, saying nothing about
> normalizing IRIs means we lose convergence for some graphs, which is why we
> usually bother with standards.
>
>
> > What does do the RFCs say about IRIs?
>
> http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3987#section-5.3.2.2 says (paraphrased)
> "don't futz with it; if you want to compare IRIs, you'd better have
> normalized them before you call strcmp". It calls out explicitly NFC (U0065
> U0301 → U00E9) and NFKC (maps between half-width and full-width characters).
>
>
There's also http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3987#section-7.5, which
essentially says "use NFKC when allocating new IRIs unless you have a good
reason not to".

-Alex



>
> > What happens in XML for qnames?  I don't think they are normalized.
>
> My reading is that they default to a behavior consistent with early
> normalization, i.e. do nothing during XML processing and leave it to the
> folks generating the XML to generate terms to engineer convergence
> conventions.
>
>
> > (There is serious issue here for phishing attacks)
>
> My guess is that the most serious risk of phishing come from similar domain
> names; that the proprieters of example.com will have some pressure to
> mediate between <http://example.com/~Dürst/> and <
> http://example.com/~Du[U0308]rst/> if those sites are real phishing
> opportunities.
>
>
> >       Andy
> >
> > >
> > >
> > >>Regards,    Martin.
> > >>
> > >
> > >
> > >
> >
>
> --
> -ericP
>
>
Received on Monday, 10 October 2011 14:51:28 GMT

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