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Re: Extending Manchester Syntax [via OWL: Experiences and Directions Community Group]

From: Pavel Klinov <pavel.klinov@uni-ulm.de>
Date: Wed, 29 Aug 2012 15:16:30 +0200
Message-ID: <CAG5JQxUOdrvfX4Nmze4OEBDb0Y0yW6zyMSy6AY3w3w8XJ=F10Q@mail.gmail.com>
To: David Osumi-Sutherland <djs93@gen.cam.ac.uk>
Cc: public-owled@w3.org
Thanks, David,

Both (1) and (2) seem reasonable. I wonder why exactly

"Difference between Class frames about named classes and unnamed
classes is implicit."

is considered a disadvantage of (2).

I don't immediately see any major parsing difficulties (there's some
ambiguity since "classIRI" and "description" may both start with an
IRI, but a one token lookahead seems sufficient to resolve it).
Perhaps you mean that this implicit difference could be problematic
for human users?

Cheers,

Pavel

On Wed, Aug 29, 2012 at 12:03 PM, David Osumi-Sutherland
<djs93@gen.cam.ac.uk> wrote:
> Hi all,
>
> This is my second attempt to post this to the list.  Apologies if this ends
> up as a duplicate post.
>
> As previously promised here are some proposals for how we could extend OMN
> to support GCIs.  These proposals are the result of discussion among a
> smaller group off-list.   Here they are for more open discussion.  Please
> vote on which you favour, or suggest alternatives.  For those on the cc list
> but not yet on the owled community list  - please sign up and reply on-list.
>
> PROPOSAL 1 (most favoured in current discussion): Extend misc production to
> include SubClassOf:
> (Originally suggested by Bijan Parsia)
>
> Changes to BNF spec:
>
> Addition to metaproductions:
>
> <NT>List ::= <NT> { ',' <NT> }
> <NT>2List ::= <NT> ',' <NT>List
>
> +
> <NT>BinaryList ::= <NT> ',' <NT>
>
> misc ::= 'EquivalentClasses:' annotations description2List
>       | 'DisjointClasses:' annotations description2List
>       | 'EquivalentProperties:' annotations objectProperty2List
>       | 'DisjointProperties:' annotations objectProperty2List
>       | 'EquivalentProperties:' annotations dataProperty2List
>       | 'DisjointProperties:' annotations dataProperty2List
>       | 'SameIndividual:' annotations individual2List
>       | 'DifferentIndividuals:' annotations individual2List
> +
>       | 'SubClassOf:' annotations Binary2List
>
> e.g.
> (A rel some B) SubClassOf (C rel some D)  [ GCI written as in Protege]
> =>
> SubClassOf: (A rel some B), (C rel some D)
>
> Advantages:
> 1. Perhaps the simplest possible extension to OMN to => expressiveness
> required.  In particular, avoids adding new frames.
> 2. All GCIs recorded in a similar way: Misc actually already supports some
> types GCIs - those expressing equivalence of disjointness between class
> expressions (actually between every member in a list of class expressions),
> so the proposed extension simply completes this.
>
> Disadvantages:
> 1. GCIs using SubClassOf are expressed using SubClassOf in a prefix
> position, rather than infix.  This seems to go against the spirit of OMN in
> preferring infix wherever possible.
> 2. SubClassOf is also used as a keyword in 'Class' frames.  In this case it
> is used in an infix position.  This is potential trap/pain for writers of
> syntax highlighters and parsers.  So, perhaps we should choose a different
> keyword for the misc case?
>
> PROPOSAL 2: Extend Class stanzas to allow class expressions.
> (Originally suggest by Matthew Horridge)
>
> Changes to BNF spec:
>
> classFrame ::= 'Class:' classIRI
>>
> classFrame ::= 'Class:' classIRI | description
>
> e.g.
> (A rel some B) SubClassOf (C rel some D)
>
> =>
>
> Class: A rel some B
>        SubClassOf: C rel some D
>
> Advantages:
>     1. Groups together SubClassOf GCIs with a common 'subject'
>     2. Retains infix use of SubClassOf
>     3. Existing spec for Class frames gives us a way to express Equivalence
> and Disjointness between pairs of class expressions.
>
> Disadvantages:
>         Difference between Class frames about named classes and unnamed
> classes is implicit.
>    ...
>
> PROPOSAL 3 (least favoured so far):
>
> Add new frame for GCIs. Presumably this would work for GCIS expressing
> disjointness and equivalence between pairs of class expressions as well as
> those expressing subclassing.
>
> Changes to BNF spec:
>
> <Not attempted this yet>
>
> e.g.
>
> (A rel some B) SubClassOf (C rel some D)  [ GCI written as in Protege]
> =>
> GCI: (A rel some B) SubClassOf (C rel some D)
>
> Advantages:
> Retains infix in a way that mirrors how GCIs look in Protege and how regular
> (English speaking, non-logician) users likely to write them in
> specs/presentations.
>
> Disadvantages:
> Adds a whole new frame with all relevant spec....
>
> Cheers,
>
> David
Received on Wednesday, 29 August 2012 16:24:48 GMT

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