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Re: How to connect one individual to multiple classes

From: <nfxu@yahoo.com>
Date: Sun, 17 May 2009 12:46:32 -0700 (PDT)
Message-ID: <35243.46715.qm@web52008.mail.re2.yahoo.com>
To: public-owl-dev@w3.org, Thomas Schneider <schneidt@cs.man.ac.uk>

Hi Thomas, thanks for your detailed explanation for the difference between Asserted and Inferred axioms.

Let me clarify my initial(and still is) purpose and motivation for my project. I suppose I should have done this in the very beginning. Or I just didn't do it well.

I have thousands of local businesses, basically for touring/education/entertainment/recreation/vacation, like theater, amusement park, museum, art gallery, forest park, skiing resort, night club, ball room, among many others.

Online directory of such businesses basically provides 2 approaches for users to access them: 1, all businesses are categorized, each one is related with a specific category(or to say, under this category), and the categories form a hierarchy; 2, keyword search in business information. We will focus on the category approach.

When users click one category in the hierarchy, we expect businesses directly under this category and businesses under this category's sub-categories are returned to user. For example, the following is the category hierarchy, we use the site(place to conduct business) as criteria:

Site(this is the root category)
+---WaterPark
+---Resort
.......
+---AgriculturalField
    +---Orchard
+---CollectionExhibition
    +---ExhibitionHall
    +---Memorial
    +---Museum
+---SportsField
    +---Playground
    +---Stadium
.......

For example, click on "Museum", all businesses related with Museum category are returned, that is, all museums are returned. Given "CollectionExhibition", all museums, memorials and exbition halls are returned.

There are 2 things I need to mention:

  1. A business may fall into non-leaf categories, like "AgriculturalField".

  2. A business can be with more than one category. A business might have more than one service to offer. Here is an example: a resort has hotels, bars and some other regular facilities, it also has one indoor water park because of its hot spring water resource.. So this resort should be under 2 different categories at the same time: "Resort" and "WaterPark". Click on either "Resort" or "WaterPark", this resort should be returned as a match.

The multi-categories of one business is where the OWL comes into play. 

The rdf:type solution works, which has following XML style for some business(instance):

    <Business rdf:about="#FlowerBayResort">
        <rdf:type rdf:resource="#Resort"/>
        <rdf:type rdf:resource="#Playground"/>
        <rdf:type rdf:resource="#WaterPark"/>
    </Business>

Is this a good OWL design or not? I can't tell at this time. 

Probably the following looks better, but I don't know to implement it:

    <Business rdf:about="#FlowerBayResort">
        ...hasSite ( "#Resort" and "#Playground" and "#WaterPark" )...
    </Business>

    The definition of Business and hasSite:

    <owl:Class rdf:about="#Business">
        <rdfs:subClassOf>
            <owl:Restriction>
                <owl:onProperty rdf:resource="#hasSite"/>
                <owl:someValuesFrom rdf:resource="#Site"/>
            </owl:Restriction>
        </rdfs:subClassOf>
    </owl:Class>

I am looking for a good solution for this multi-category issue.

Ningfeng



--- On Sun, 5/17/09, Thomas Schneider <schneidt@cs.man.ac.uk> wrote:

> From: Thomas Schneider <schneidt@cs.man.ac.uk>
> Subject: Re: How to connect one individual to multiple classes
> To: public-owl-dev@w3.org
> Date: Sunday, May 17, 2009, 4:44 PM
> Hi Ningfeng,
> 
> On 17 May 2009, at 06:53, nfxu@yahoo.com
> wrote:
> 
> > 
> > I have read through the OWL 2 Primer, however, didn't
> get much out of it. But I did make some progress.
> > 
> > Frist of all, I tried using rdf:type to let my
> business multi-classified, so the business FlowerBayResort
> can be Business, Resort, WaterPark and Playground
> simultaneously. And this satisfies my needs. But I doubt
> this is a good design practice. Here is how it works in
> Protege 4:
> > 
> >  1 Load the OWL document in Appendix 1 into
> Protege 4; At this time the reasoner is off.
> > 
> >  2 Under tab Classes, in the "Asserted class
> hierarchy", click classes Thing/Site/SportsField, there is
> no members listed under any of them. But FlowerBayResort is
> the member of Business/Resort/WaterPark/Playground.
> > 
> >  3 Now click menu Reasoner then "Pellet 1.5" to
> enable the reasoner.
> > 
> >  4 Under tab Classes, in the "Asserted class
> hierarchy", click classes Thing/Site/SportsField, now the
> FlowerBayResort is listed as a member under any of them.
> Same in "Inferred class hierarchy".
> 
> First, the "Members" entry in the "Class Description" pane
> of Protégé 4 is independent of the asserted and inferred
> class hierarchy. If you click on a class in either
> hierarchy, the class description pane gives you all asserted
> and inferred axioms. Asserted axioms are statements that are
> made explicitly in your ontology, and inferred axioms are
> statements the reasoner has concluded. Please note the
> difference in their presentation: asserted axioms have a
> grey background and a solid border; inferred axioms have a
> greenish(?) background and a dashed border.
> 
> The reason why FlowerBayResort is a member of almost all
> classes in your ontology is the following: it is an asserted
> member of Playground, which is a subclass of all classes
> except Stadium and WaterPark. Since it is also asserted to
> be a member of WaterPark, the only class it can't be
> inferred to be a member of is Stadium. Note that for this
> reason, the membership of FlowerBayResort for Business and
> Resort already follows from the class hierarchy and the
> other to membership assertions, and doesn't need to be
> asserted explicitly.
> 
> > Back to my work on "ClassAssertion((Business and
> (hasSite some Resort) and (hasSite some WaterPark))
> myBusiness)", the closest I can get is the OWL document in
> Appendix 2. I have declared the Business as a subclass of
> <hasSite some Site>, but when I was connecting the
> FlowerBayResort to Resort/WaterPark/Playground via object
> property hasSite, I couldn't make it, since in the UI(Object
> property assertions) only instances are listed as available
> options for hasSite, classes Resort/WaterPark are not
> available at all. So I am still stuck here.
> 
> I'm not sure why you want to declare Business as a subclass
> of "hasSite some Site" because this is not what your class
> assertion axiom says.(?)
> 
> Cheers
> 
> Thomas
> 
> > 
> > 
> > Anything wrong please correct me. Thanks for your
> help.
> > 
> >
> ============================================================================
> > Appendix 1 Start: OWL document using rdf:type
> >
> ============================================================================
> > <?xml version="1.0"?>
> > 
> > 
> > <!DOCTYPE rdf:RDF [
> >    <!ENTITY owl "http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#" >
> >    <!ENTITY xsd "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" >
> >    <!ENTITY owl2xml "http://www.w3.org/2006/12/owl2-xml#" >
> >    <!ENTITY rdfs "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#" >
> >    <!ENTITY p1 "http://www.owl-ontologies.com/assert.owl#" >
> >    <!ENTITY rdf "http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" >
> >    <!ENTITY Ontology1237653461 "http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#"
> >
> > ]>
> > 
> > 
> > <rdf:RDF xmlns="http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#"
> >     xml:base="http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl"
> >     xmlns:rdfs="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"
> >     xmlns:owl2xml="http://www.w3.org/2006/12/owl2-xml#"
> >     xmlns:p1="http://www.owl-ontologies.com/assert.owl#"
> >     xmlns:Ontology1237653461="http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#"
> >     xmlns:owl="http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#"
> >     xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#"
> >     xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#">
> >    <owl:Ontology rdf:about=""/>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!--
> >   
> ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
> >    //
> >    // Classes
> >    //
> >   
> ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
> >     -->
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#Business
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class rdf:about="#Business"/>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#Playground
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class
> rdf:about="#Playground">
> >        <rdfs:subClassOf
> rdf:resource="#SportsField"/>
> >    </owl:Class>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#Resort
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class rdf:about="#Resort">
> >        <rdfs:subClassOf
> rdf:resource="#Site"/>
> >    </owl:Class>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#Site
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class rdf:about="#Site"/>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#SportsField
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class
> rdf:about="#SportsField">
> >        <rdfs:subClassOf
> rdf:resource="#Site"/>
> >    </owl:Class>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#Stadium
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class rdf:about="#Stadium">
> >        <rdfs:subClassOf
> rdf:resource="#SportsField"/>
> >    </owl:Class>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#WaterPark
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class rdf:about="#WaterPark">
> >        <rdfs:subClassOf
> rdf:resource="#Site"/>
> >    </owl:Class>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!--
> >   
> ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
> >    //
> >    // Individuals
> >    //
> >   
> ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
> >     -->
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#FlowerBayResort
> -->
> > 
> >    <Resort
> rdf:about="#FlowerBayResort">
> >        <rdf:type
> rdf:resource="#Business"/>
> >        <rdf:type
> rdf:resource="#Playground"/>
> >        <rdf:type
> rdf:resource="#WaterPark"/>
> >    </Resort>
> > </rdf:RDF>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > <!-- Generated by the OWL API (version 2.2.1.1101)
> http://owlapi.sourceforge.net -->
> > 
> > 
> >
> ============================================================================
> > Appendix 1 End
> >
> ============================================================================
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >
> ============================================================================
> > Appendix 2 Start: OWL document using existential
> quantification
> >
> ============================================================================
> > <?xml version="1.0"?>
> > 
> > 
> > <!DOCTYPE rdf:RDF [
> >    <!ENTITY owl "http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#" >
> >    <!ENTITY xsd "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" >
> >    <!ENTITY owl2xml "http://www.w3.org/2006/12/owl2-xml#" >
> >    <!ENTITY rdfs "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#" >
> >    <!ENTITY p1 "http://www.owl-ontologies.com/assert.owl#" >
> >    <!ENTITY rdf "http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" >
> >    <!ENTITY Ontology1237653461 "http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#"
> >
> > ]>
> > 
> > 
> > <rdf:RDF xmlns="http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#"
> >     xml:base="http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl"
> >     xmlns:rdfs="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"
> >     xmlns:owl2xml="http://www.w3.org/2006/12/owl2-xml#"
> >     xmlns:p1="http://www.owl-ontologies.com/assert.owl#"
> >     xmlns:Ontology1237653461="http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#"
> >     xmlns:owl="http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#"
> >     xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#"
> >     xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#">
> >    <owl:Ontology rdf:about=""/>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!--
> >   
> ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
> >    //
> >    // Object Properties
> >    //
> >   
> ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
> >     -->
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#hasSite
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:ObjectProperty
> rdf:about="#hasSite"/>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!--
> >   
> ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
> >    //
> >    // Classes
> >    //
> >   
> ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
> >     -->
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#Business
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class rdf:about="#Business">
> >        <rdfs:subClassOf>
> >           
> <owl:Restriction>
> >               
> <owl:onProperty rdf:resource="#hasSite"/>
> >               
> <owl:someValuesFrom rdf:resource="#Site"/>
> >           
> </owl:Restriction>
> >        </rdfs:subClassOf>
> >    </owl:Class>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#Playground
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class
> rdf:about="#Playground">
> >        <rdfs:subClassOf
> rdf:resource="#SportsField"/>
> >    </owl:Class>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#Resort
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class rdf:about="#Resort">
> >        <rdfs:subClassOf
> rdf:resource="#Site"/>
> >    </owl:Class>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#Site
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class rdf:about="#Site"/>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#SportsField
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class
> rdf:about="#SportsField">
> >        <rdfs:subClassOf
> rdf:resource="#Site"/>
> >    </owl:Class>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#Stadium
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class rdf:about="#Stadium">
> >        <rdfs:subClassOf
> rdf:resource="#SportsField"/>
> >    </owl:Class>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#WaterPark
> -->
> > 
> >    <owl:Class rdf:about="#WaterPark">
> >        <rdfs:subClassOf
> rdf:resource="#Site"/>
> >    </owl:Class>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!--
> >   
> ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
> >    //
> >    // Individuals
> >    //
> >   
> ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
> >     -->
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > 
> >    <!-- http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1237653461.owl#FlowerBayResort
> -->
> > 
> >    <Business
> rdf:about="#FlowerBayResort"/>
> > </rdf:RDF>
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > <!-- Generated by the OWL API (version 2.2.1.1101)
> http://owlapi.sourceforge.net -->
> > 
> > 
> >
> ============================================================================
> > Appendix 2 End
> >
> ============================================================================
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > --- On Fri, 5/15/09, Xu, Ningfeng <nfxu@yahoo.com>
> wrote:
> > 
> >> From: Xu, Ningfeng <nfxu@yahoo.com>
> >> Subject: Re: How to connect one individual to
> multiple classes
> >> To: "Uli Sattler" <sattler@cs.man.ac.uk>
> >> Cc: public-owl-dev@w3.org
> >> Date: Friday, May 15, 2009, 5:56 PM
> >> 
> >> Ok, I will read the OWL 2 Primer, will see what I
> can get.
> >> 
> >> Currently I am using Protege 3(thus OWL 1).
> >> 
> >> Thanks a lot.
> >> 
> >> Ningfeng
> >> 
> >> 
> >> --- On Fri, 5/15/09, Uli Sattler <sattler@cs.man.ac.uk>
> >> wrote:
> >> 
> >>> From: Uli Sattler <sattler@cs.man.ac.uk>
> >>> Subject: Re: How to connect one individual to
> multiple
> >> classes
> >>> To: nfxu@yahoo.com
> >>> Date: Friday, May 15, 2009, 5:45 PM
> >>> 
> >>> On 14 May 2009, at 21:12, nfxu@yahoo.com
> >>> wrote:
> >>> 
> >>>> 
> >>>> I haven't looked into OWL 2(Primer). So
> here I am
> >> with
> >>> OWL 1.
> >>>> 
> >>> 
> >>> ...don't bother whether it's "2" or "1" just
> read
> >> through
> >>> the primer:
> >>> it should clarify a lot of things. Also, what
> editor
> >> do you
> >>> use? I'd
> >>> recommend Protege 4.
> >>> 
> >>> Cheers, Uli
> >>> 
> >>>> Regarding "ClassAssertion((Business and
> (hasSite
> >> some
> >>> Resort) and
> >>>> (hasSite some Waterpark)) yourBusiness)",
> how can
> >> I
> >>> declare an
> >>>> individual business(waterParkResort)? I am
> trying
> >> to
> >>> do this:
> >>>> 
> >>>>    <owl:Class
> >>> rdf:about="#Business">
> >>>>     
> <rdfs:subClassOf>
> >>>> 
> >>>    <owl:Restriction>
> >>>> 
> >>>    <owl:someValuesFrom
> >>> rdf:resource="#Site"/>
> >>>> 
> >>>    <owl:onProperty>
> >>>> 
> >>>    <owl:ObjectProperty
> >>> rdf:ID="hasSite"/>
> >>>> 
> >>>    </owl:onProperty>
> >>>> 
> >>>    </owl:Restriction>
> >>>>     
> </rdfs:subClassOf>
> >>>>      ...
> >>>>    </owl:Class>
> >>>> 
> >>>>    <Business
> >>> rdf:ID="waterParkResort">
> >>>>      ...hasSite
> Waterpark...
> >>> 
> >>>    ==> how to declare this?
> >>>>      ...hasSite Resort...
> >>> 
> >>>   ==> how to declare this?
> >>>>    </Business>
> >>>> 
> >>>> I couldn't find appropriate OWL contructs
> to
> >> declare
> >>> that
> >>>> waterParkResort has both Resort and
> Waterpark
> >> when
> >>> declaring
> >>>> waterParkResort as an instance of class
> Business.
> >> I
> >>> think this is my
> >>>> problem.
> >>>> 
> >>>> Thanks for your help.
> >>>> 
> >>>> Ningfeng
> >>>> 
> >>>> 
> >>>> --- On Thu, 5/14/09, Uli Sattler <sattler@cs.man.ac.uk>
> >>> wrote:
> >>>> 
> >>>>> From: Uli Sattler <sattler@cs.man.ac.uk>
> >>>>> Subject: Re: How to connect one
> individual
> >> to
> >>> multiple classes
> >>>>> To: "Xu, Ningfeng" <nfxu@yahoo.com>
> >>>>> Date: Thursday, May 14, 2009, 3:00 AM
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> On 13 May 2009, at 19:33, Xu,
> Ningfeng
> >> wrote:
> >>>>> 
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> Uli, thanks for your reply.
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> Originally, carrying the Object
> Oriented
> >>> Analysis
> >>>>> spirit, and being new to semantic
> world, I
> >> started
> >>> with:
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> 1 Let the business
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> so, this is 'yourBusiness', I guess.
> >>>>> 
> >>>>>> be instance of an owl:Class
> Business;
> >>>>>> 2 The categories
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> like restaurant, waterpark? Do they
> have a
> >> common
> >>>>> superclass, say, "Attraction"?
> >>>>> 
> >>>>>> are classes, so it is easy to make
> a
> >> hierarchy
> >>> and all
> >>>>> siblings disjointed with each other;
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> ok
> >>>>> 
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> 3 Class Business has one object
> >> property,
> >>> hasSite,
> >>>>> which has the category as the value.
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> hm, how does this look like in OWL?
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> SubClassOf(Business (hasSite some
> >> Attraction))
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> or
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> SubClassOf(Business (hasSite only
> >> Attraction))
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> 
> >>>>>> In case of multiple categories,
> one
> >> business
> >>> instance
> >>>>> has multiple hasSite properties.
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> fine - as long as you don't declare
> hasSite
> >> to be
> >>>>> functional and as long as you don't
> use
> >> atmost
> >>> cardinality
> >>>>> restriction on hasSite, this is
> possible.
> >>>>> 
> >>>>>> While, obviously, this ontology is
> OWL
> >> Full,
> >>> since
> >>>>> hasSite has owl:Class as its value.
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> now you lost me...you can say that
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> ClassAssertion((Business and (hasSite
> some
> >>> Restaurant) and
> >>>>> (hasSite some Waterpark)
> yourBusiness)
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> without leaving OWL DL...
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> 
> >>>>>> I haven't tried to convert
> categories
> >> from
> >>> owl:Class
> >>>>> to instance so hasSite is good for OWL
> DL.
> >> But how
> >>> much can
> >>>>> reasoner get out from property value?
> For
> >>> example:
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> business1 hasSite Orchard
> >>>>>> business2 hasSite
> AgriculturalField
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> If we want to list all businesses
> which
> >> is
> >>> under
> >>>>> AgriculturalField, can business1 and
> >> business2
> >>> both be
> >>>>> returned? I don't know...
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> yes, it would, if you would rephrase
> it in
> >> the
> >>> above style
> >>>>> using 'some'...
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> Did you have a look at the OWL primer
> (http://www.w3.org/2007/OWL/wiki/Primer)?
> >>>>>   Cheers, Uli
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> Ningfeng
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> --- On Wed, 5/13/09, Uli Sattler
> <sattler@cs.man.ac.uk>
> >>>>> wrote:
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>>> From: Uli Sattler <sattler@cs.man.ac.uk>
> >>>>>>> Subject: Re: How to connect
> one
> >> individual
> >>> to
> >>>>> multiple classes
> >>>>>>> To: "Xu, Ningfeng" <nfxu@yahoo.com>
> >>>>>>> Date: Wednesday, May 13, 2009,
> 11:01
> >> PM
> >>>>>>> Hi Xu, I can't see where the
> problem
> >>>>>>> is: you can say that an
> individual is
> >> a
> >>> member of
> >>>>> more than
> >>>>>>> one class...
> >>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>> Conceptually, you might want
> to
> >> *relate*
> >>> them:
> >>>>> instead of
> >>>>>>> saying "this business *is a*
> >> restaurant
> >>> and a
> >>>>> water park,
> >>>>>>> you might want to say that,
> among
> >> the
> >>>>> things/services it
> >>>>>>> *offers*, there is a
> restaurant and
> >> a
> >>> water park.
> >>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>> Cheers, Uli
> >>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>> On 13 May 2009, at 13:09, Xu,
> >> Ningfeng
> >>> wrote:
> >>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> Hi,
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> Recently I am trying to
> build an
> >> OWL
> >>> model
> >>>>> for
> >>>>>>> touring/entertainment related
> >> businesses.
> >>> I have
> >>>>> categorized
> >>>>>>> these businesses into one
> category
> >>> hierarchy like
> >>>>> the
> >>>>>>> following:
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> Site(Root)
> >>>>>>>> +---WaterPark
> >>>>>>>> +---Resort
> >>>>>>>> .......
> >>>>>>>> +---AgriculturalField
> >>>>>>>>   
>    +---Orchard
> >>>>>>>> +---CollectionExhibition
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>> +---ExhibitionHall
> >>>>>>>>   
>    +---Memorial
> >>>>>>>>   
>    +---Museum
> >>>>>>>> +---SportsField
> >>>>>>>>   
>    +---Playground
> >>>>>>>>   
>    +---Stadium
> >>>>>>>> .......
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> The goal is, given any
> category
> >> in
> >>> the
> >>>>> hierarchy, we
> >>>>>>> can return all related
> businesses
> >> back.
> >>> For
> >>>>> example, given
> >>>>>>> "Museum" as the category, we
> are
> >> supposed
> >>> to
> >>>>> return all
> >>>>>>> museums; given
> >> "CollectionExhibition",
> >>> all
> >>>>> museums,
> >>>>>>> memorials and exbitionHalls
> are
> >> returned.
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> One thing is one business
> might
> >> have
> >>> more than
> >>>>> one
> >>>>>>> services to offer. Here is an
> >> example: a
> >>> resort
> >>>>> has hotels,
> >>>>>>> bars and some other regular
> >> facilities, it
> >>> also
> >>>>> has one
> >>>>>>> indoor water park because of
> its hot
> >>> spring water
> >>>>> resource..
> >>>>>>> So this resort should be
> categorized
> >> into
> >>> 2
> >>>>> different
> >>>>>>> categories: "Resort" and
> >> "WaterPark".
> >>> Given either
> >>>>> "Resort"
> >>>>>>> or "WaterPark" is chosen as
> the
> >> category,
> >>> this
> >>>>> resort should
> >>>>>>> be returned as a match.
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> The another one is that
> one
> >> business
> >>> may fall
> >>>>> into
> >>>>>>> non-leaf categories, like
> >>> "AgriculturalField"
> >>>>> instead of
> >>>>>>> "Orchard".
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> Technically I would
> prefer:
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> 1 Businesses are
> individuals of
> >> an
> >>> owl:Class.
> >>>>>>> Categories could be antything,
> if it
> >>> supports
> >>>>> reasoning.
> >>>>>>> This is different from the
> Protege
> >> Pizza
> >>> sample,
> >>>>> while pizza
> >>>>>>> are classes.
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> 2 When adding new
> businesses, we
> >> only
> >>> need to
> >>>>> add new
> >>>>>>> business individual(maybe we
> need to
> >> add
> >>> more
> >>>>> categories),
> >>>>>>> and connect the new
> individuals to
> >> the
> >>>>> categories.
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> I have been trying
> different
> >> ways, but
> >>> still
> >>>>> no
> >>>>>>> success.
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> Any help would be highly
> >> appreciated.
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> Ningfeng
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>>>> 
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>>> 
> >>>>> 
> >>>>> 
> >>>> 
> >>>> 
> >>>> 
> >>>> 
> >>>> 
> >>> 
> >>> 
> >> 
> >> 
> >> 
> >> 
> >> 
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > 
> 
> +----------------------------------------------------------------------+
> |  Dr Thomas Schneider       
>              
>    schneider@cs.man.ac.uk 
> |
> |  School of Computer Science   
>    http://www.cs.man.ac.uk/~schneidt  |
> |  Kilburn Building, Room 2.114     
>            phone +44 161
> 2756136  |
> |  University of Manchester       
>                
>                
>     |
> |  Oxford Road         
>                
>                
>    _///_       |
> |  Manchester M13 9PL       
>                
>               (o~o) 
>      |
> +-----------------------------------------------------oOOO--(_)--OOOo--+
> 
> Lampung (n.)
>  The daze which follows turning on the light in the middle
> of the night.
> 
>                
>   Douglas Adams, John Lloyd: The Deeper Meaning of
> Liff
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
>
Received on Sunday, 17 May 2009 19:47:16 GMT

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