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[ESW Wiki] Update of "its0908LinguisticMarkup" by GoutamSaha

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Date: Tue, 11 Oct 2005 03:26:39 -0000
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The following page has been changed by GoutamSaha:

  '''Author:  Goutam Kumar Saha'''
- = Linguistic Markup =
+ = Computational Linguistic Markup =
  == Summary ==
@@ -277, +277 @@

  =='''Understanding Sentence-Level Markups:-'''==
  A ''sentence'' is a set or group of words which makes complete sense.  Sentences are of four kinds: (a) a ''Declarative or Assertive'' sentence (that makes a statement or assertion, e.g., ''He sat on a chair.''), (b) an ''Interrogative'' sentence (that asks a question, e.g., Where do you go ?) (c)an ''Imperative'' sentence (that expresses a command or an entreaty, e.g., Be quiet.), (d)an ''Exclamatory'' sentence (that expresses strong feeling, e.g., How cold the day is !).
  A sentence is diveded into two main parts- (a) the ''Subject'' (i.e., the person or thing about which something is said) and (b) the ''Predicate'' (i.e., what is said about the person or thing denoted by the subject.) The subject may consist of one word or several words. The predicate may also consist one or several words.  In other words, we must have a ''subject'' to speak about and we must ''say or predicate'' something about that subject. For an example, in the sentence "The sun gives light.", "The sun" is the ''subject'' and "gives light." is the ''predicate''.  
+ '''A Phrase''' is a group of words which makes sense, but not complete sense. For an example, "in the east" in the sentence "The sun rises in the east." is a ''phrase''. '''A Clause''' is a group of words which forms part of a ''sentence,'' and contains a ''Subject'' and a ''Predicate.'' For eample, in the sentence "She has a chain which is made of gold", the group of words "which is made of gold" is called a clause that contains a Subject (which) and a Predicate (is made of gold). There are three major ''formative categories of sentences'':
+ (a) a '''Simple Sentence''' has only one Subject and one Predicate (or, a simple sentence has only one Finite verb). For example, the sentence "He goes to school" is a simple sentence, (b) a '''Compound Sentence''' is made up of two or more ''Main or Principal Clauses''(i.e., a Main Clause is an independent clause that makes good sense by itself and can stand by itself as a separate sentence). For example, the sentence "The moon was bright and we could see or way" is a compound sentence. Here, we have two main clauses: (i) "The moon was bright" and (ii) "we could see our way". These two clauses are joined by the co-ordinating conjunction ''and'', (c) a '''Complex Sentence''' consists of one Main Clause and one or more Subordinate Clauses. For example, the sentence "They rested when evening came" is a complex sentence. As the clause "They rested" makes good sense by itself, so it is a Main clause. Whereas, the clause "when evening came" cannot stand by itself and cannot make good sense. It is dependent on the clause "They rested". It is therefore called a '''Dependent or Subordinate Clause.'''   
  == Challenges ==
Received on Tuesday, 11 October 2005 13:07:26 UTC

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