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[ESW Wiki] Update of "its0908LinguisticMarkup" by GoutamSaha

From: <w3t-archive+esw-wiki@w3.org>
Date: Tue, 04 Oct 2005 01:44:22 -0000
To: w3t-archive+esw-wiki@w3.org
Message-ID: <20051004014422.12902.80865@localhost.localdomain>
Dear Wiki user,

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The following page has been changed by GoutamSaha:
http://esw.w3.org/topic/its0908LinguisticMarkup


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  
            For example: for the '''Phrases_Idioms "cats and dogs" in english''' we can markup as
  
-          {{{ <sentence_cat name="phrases_idioms" meaning="heavily"> cats and dogs
+  {{{ <sentence_cat name="phrases_idioms" meaning="heavily"> cats and dogs
-           </sentence_cat> }}}
+  </sentence_cat> }}}
  
            Such metadata will be of an immense help to localazation process (in order
            to find an appropriate phrases & idioms in a target language) without
@@ -62, +62 @@

            " Dumurer (english meaning is Fig's)  Fool (english meaning is Flower)"
            we can markup as
  
-           {{{ <sentence_cat name="phrases_idioms" meaning="rarely visible">
+ {{{ <sentence_cat name="phrases_idioms" meaning="rarely visible">
             Dumurer Fool
-           </sentence_cat> }}} 
+ </sentence_cat> }}} 
            
            '''Such metadata is very useful as a semantic markup to a localization process,
            irrespective of a target language.''' 
@@ -74, +74 @@

               for an example,
               ""Click Here for Sign Up",
               
-             {{{ '''<sentence_cat name="link"> Click Here for Sign Up
+ {{{ '''<sentence_cat name="link"> __Click Here for Sign Up__
-              </sentence_cat>'''}}}
+ </sentence_cat>'''}}}
  
             or, for the link-word say, "Here", we might markup in the following way:
            
+ {{{
-            {{{<pos_cat name="link"> Here 
+ <pos_cat name="link"> __Here__ 
-               </pos_cat> }}} 
+ </pos_cat> }}} 
  
  '''For the following Bengali or Bangla dialect sentence'''  
  "Kaam (Kaaj in Bangla or Work in english)  Saira Falo (Shesh Koro in
@@ -132, +133 @@

  
  '''Background Knowledge for Word-Level Parts-of-Speech Markups:-'''
  
- A verb plays an important role for a word level markup or parts-of-speech.
+ A '''__verb__''' plays an important role for a word level markup or parts-of-speech.
  __A verb is a doing word.__ Joining verb is a combination of noun followed by verb.
  Compound verb is a combination of two verbs. Primary verb can express complete meaning
  without the need of any other verb. Auxiliary verb helps to express tense, mood and voice. 
@@ -150, +151 @@

  "The Chairman called off the meeting." is a group or phrasal verb. Other
  examples are: turn up, put on, put off, get down, called on etc. 
  
+ __'''A noun is a naming word.'''
- __''A noun is a naming word.''__ Proper Noun names a specific people or place or 
+ __ __Proper Noun__ names a specific people or place or 
- thing (e.g. Goutam, Kolkata, India).  Common Noun is refers to a class of objects 
+ thing (e.g. Goutam, Kolkata, India).  __Common Noun__ is refers to a class of objects 
- or a concept as opposed to a particular individual (e.g. boy, cow). Collective 
+ or a concept as opposed to a particular individual (e.g. boy, cow). __Collective 
- Noun is a  noun that denotes a group of individuals (e.g. army, assembly, family).
+ Noun__ is a  noun that denotes a group of individuals (e.g. army, assembly, family). 
- Abstract Noun is a noun that denotes an abstract or intangible concept, such as 
+ __Abstract Noun__ is a noun that denotes an abstract or intangible concept, such as 
- happiness, envy or joy. Material Noun denotes the matter from which something is
+ happiness, envy or joy. __Material Noun__ denotes the matter from which something is
- or can be made (e.g. cloth, oil). Compound Noun is a noun made up of two or 
+ or can be made (e.g. cloth, oil). __Compound Noun__ is a noun made up of two or 
  more lexemes, such as flowerpot, southeast. Here, nouns  are combined into 
- compound structures.Verbal Noun is a noun which is formed as an inflection of a 
+ compound structures. __Verbal Noun__ is a noun which is formed as an inflection of a 
  verb and partly sharing its constructions, such as smoking in "Smoking is injurious
- to health". Numerals include all numbers, whether as words or as digits. They may 
+ to health". __Numerals__ include all numbers, whether as words or as digits. They may 
- be divided into two major types. CARDINAL Nouns include words like: nought, 
+ be divided into two major types. __CARDINAL__ Nouns include words like: nought, 
- zero, one, two,fifty-six, a thousand. ORDINAL Number Number include  first, 2nd, third, fourth, 500th.  Numbers Noun: 20, 567.  We classify numerals as a subclass of nouns because in certain circumstances they can take plurals: five twos are ten ;  he's in his forties; 
+ zero, one, two,fifty-six, a thousand. __ORDINAL Numbers__ include  first, 2nd, third, fourth, 500th.  __Numbers Noun__: 20, 567.  We classify numerals as a subclass of nouns because in certain circumstances they can take plurals: five twos are ten ;  he's in his forties; 
  How many 5s in 20?  They may also take the:  the third of  October ; a product of the 2004s.
- Fractional Number Noun: One-half, two-third. (e.g. Four one-fourths make one.)  
+ __Fractional Number__ Noun: One-half, two-third. (e.g. Four one-fourths make one.)  
- Preceeding Noun of Title:- Dr.,  Mr., Ms.
+ __Preceeding Noun of Title__:- Dr.,  Mr., Ms.
- Noun - Unit of Measurement:- K.M., K.G.
+ __Noun - Unit of Measurement__:- K.M., K.G.
- Negative Noun:- He says "no".
+ __Negative Noun__:- He says "no".
- Hyphenated Numbers:- 30-40, 1990-2005.
+ __Hyphenated Numbers__:- 30-40, 1990-2005.
- Following Noun of Title: M.B.A., B.S., M.S., Ph.D.   
+ __Following Noun__ of Title: M.B.A., B.S., M.S., Ph.D.   
+ 
+ '''__Pronouns__:'''
+  Generally pronouns stand for (pro + noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or 
+ individuals or thing or things.
+ __Personal Pronouns__ stand for persons or things e.g. I, me, my, you, he, they.
+ The family of __Demonstrative Pronouns__ (who/which/that/this) behaves as 
+ pronouns. 
+ __The Relative Pronouns__ (who/whoever/which/that) relate groups of words
+ to nouns or other pronouns (The student who studies hardest usually does the
+ best.). 
+ __Indefinite Pronouns__ everybody/anybody/somebody/ all/each/every/some/
+ none/one) do not substitute for specific nouns but function themselves as nouns 
+ (Everyone is wondering if any is left.).  
+ The __Intensive Pronouns__ (such as myself, yourself, herself, ourselves,
+  themselves) consist of a personal pronoun plus self or selves and emphasize
+  a noun. (I myself don't know the answer.) 
+ The __Reflexive Pronouns__(which have the same forms as the intensive
+ pronouns)  indicate that the sentence subject also receives the action of the verb. 
+ (Students who cheat on this quiz are only hurting themselves.)  
+ The __Interrogative Pronouns__ (who/which/what) introduce questions. 
+ (What is that? Who will help me? Which do you prefer?) 
+ The __Reciprocal Pronouns__ are __each other__ and __one another__. They are
+ convenient forms for combining ideas. (They gave books to each other). 
  
  
  == Challenges ==
Received on Tuesday, 4 October 2005 10:43:53 UTC

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