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RE: ITS rules for XLIFF 2.1

From: Yves Savourel <ysavourel@enlaso.com>
Date: Wed, 31 Aug 2016 08:18:24 -0600
To: "'Felix Sasaki'" <fsasaki@w3.org>, "'Sergey Nozhenko'" <sergey.nozhenko@logrusglobal.com>
CC: "'Serge Gladkoff'" <serge.gladkoff@gmail.com>, <public-i18n-its-ig@w3.org>, "'Renat Bikmatov'" <renat.bikmatov@logrusglobal.com>
Message-ID: <004d01d20392$88eda570$9ac8f050$@enlaso.com>
Hi all,

 

I think Serge’s feedback is a good illustration of why we need to make sure we keep very separate the description of anything related to processing XLIFF with a pure ITS processor from the ITS Module itself.

 

The first choice of processing an XLIFF file should always be to use an XLIFF processor, including for the ITS module.

To me the ITS rules file for XLIFF and any guideline on how to deal with <sm>/<em> is just supplemental information that offers two things:

-   A way of “validating” (in the large sense of “confirming”) that the module makes sense and works.

-   A nice ready-to-use reference that an ITS-only processor can use out of the box (as long as it supports XPath 2)

 

But we should not have anything in the ITS module that would exist solely for helping an ITS-only processor to work.

 

XLIFF implementers should worry just about implementing the ITS module.

 

Cheers,

-yves

 

 

From: Felix Sasaki [mailto:fsasaki@w3.org] 
Sent: Wednesday, August 31, 2016 6:39 AM
To: Sergey Nozhenko <sergey.nozhenko@logrusglobal.com>
Cc: Serge Gladkoff <serge.gladkoff@gmail.com>; public-i18n-its-ig@w3.org; Renat Bikmatov <renat.bikmatov@logrusglobal.com>
Subject: Re: ITS rules for XLIFF 2.1

 

Dear Sergey,

 

Am 31.08.2016 um 14:19 schrieb Sergey Nozhenko <sergey.nozhenko@logrusglobal.com <mailto:sergey.nozhenko@logrusglobal.com> >:

 

I apologize for the late reply.

 

 

NP at all.



As to your implementation, note that the <source> and <target> elements may appear not only in the <segment>, but also in the <ignorable> elements.

 

 

good point - do you have some example file(s)?



I've read old threads on the problem in the OASIS archive, learned that it was already discussed in some details. 

 

Do you have some pointers to the discussions? It would be good to see XLIFF solutions to how to process annotations in general (not only XLIFF ones). I asked a related question on the XLIFF list but got no reply so far.



Actually, as long as ITS module in XLIFF is just a set of annotation attributes that follows general XLIFF annotation rules, and has nothing to do with the approach of the ITS for general XML, excepts for the meaning of the data categories, it is ok with me. Yet deviating from that line, it complicates the matter. It is not clear, why there should be any specific ITS external rules, selectors and so on. For example, splitting/combining segments is quite a usual user option in the translations systems. In case of XLIFF, it leads to the changes in the underlying XML structure. Suppose there is a selector that becomes invalid due to such changes. The requirement of keeping the selectors valid would have made the general operation of splitting/combining segments dependent on the knowledge of the specifics of an optional module, which I believe is not particularly good.

 

Interesting - so you are basically saying that one should not process XLIFF that contains ITS markup with an ITS processor. The idea of the rules was to make such processing possible for an ITS processor. But maybe the feedback is that this should not be tried and that we should only push for ITS processing by XLIFF processors (which know how to deal with annotations etc. anyway)?

 

Best,

 

Felix





Serge
 

On 31.08.2016 10:53, Felix Sasaki wrote:

Hi Sergey and all, 

 

do you have any feedback on my last mail, see below? I would like to bring your feedback to the OASIS XLIFF TC and see what they think.

 

Thanks,

 

Felix

 

Am 24.08.2016 um 16:27 schrieb Felix Sasaki <fsasaki@w3.org <mailto:fsasaki@w3.org> >:

 

Thanks, Sergey. I added you 

<sergey.nozhenko@logrusglobal.com <mailto:sergey.nozhenko@logrusglobal.com> >

to the list, you can now post directly. 

 

Again I think this is a general XLIFF 2.x problem, to be addressed by all XLIFF 2.x implementations. With overlap this is no issue since we want a sequence of nodes, not an XML tree. I changed my implementation (see the links below. 

 

input, now including your example

https://github.com/fsasaki/its20-extractor/blob/master/sample/xliff21sample/inputfile.xml
and new output
https://github.com/fsasaki/its20-extractor/blob/master/sample/xliff21sample/output-inline-annotation.xml
and the adapted XPath at
https://github.com/fsasaki/its20-extractor/commit/7fd5f04868aad6f788fd5c4850fa26ad996cee7f

in tools/datacategories-2-xsl.xsl.

 

Let me know what you think.

 

Best,

 

Felix

 

Am 23.08.2016 um 21:50 schrieb Sergey Nozhenko <sergey.nozhenko@logrusglobal.com <mailto:sergey.nozhenko@logrusglobal.com> >:

 

Hi,

sm and em elements may be nested in mrk and overlap it. For example:

<xliff version="2.0" xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:xliff:document:2.0" srcLang="en" xmlns:itsm="urn:oasis:names:tc:xliff:itsm:2.1">
 <file id="f1">
  <unit id="u1">
   <segment>
    <source><mrk id="m1" translate="no" type="term">Text1 <sm id="sm1" type="itsm:generic" itsm:taClassRef= <http://example/ontology#Thing> "http://example/ontology#Thing" itsm:taIdentRef= <http://example.com/ref> "http://example.com/ref"/>Text2.</mrk></source>
   </segment>
   <segment>
    <source>Text4<em startRef="sm1"/> text5.</source>
   </segment>
  </unit>
 </file>
</xliff>

Serge
 

On 23.08.2016 19:48, Felix Sasaki wrote:

Apologies for the late reply, Sergey, Serge and all.  

 

The issue is an XLIFF issue related to the annotations mechanism

http://docs.oasis-open.org/xliff/xliff-core/v2.0/os/xliff-core-v2.0-os.html#annotations

if an annotation in XLIFF is represented with sm and em, the application has to find the content relating to the annotation.

 

I think this is doable, both for general XLIFF annotations (e.g. of terms) and ITS annotations. I updated my implementation with an XPath expression that has a larger search space than the previous one. The new expression searches for the corresponding em tag in the following nodes that have the same parent node type (e.g. all source elements or all target elements).

 

It seems to work, see the more complex input

https://github.com/fsasaki/its20-extractor/blob/master/sample/xliff21sample/inputfile.xml

and output

https://github.com/fsasaki/its20-extractor/blob/master/sample/xliff21sample/output-inline-annotation.xml

and the adapted XPath at

https://github.com/fsasaki/its20-extractor/commit/62428b4484df7a073be3c2c0033e2a389dc83350

in tools/datacategories-2-xsl.xsl.

 

I’m happy to work on this more if you give me more XLIFF annotation samples.

 

Best,

 

Felix

 

 

Am 18.08.2016 um 11:32 schrieb Sergey Nozhenko <sergey.nozhenko@logrusglobal.com <mailto:sergey.nozhenko@logrusglobal.com> >:

 

How about this:

 

<xliff version="2.0" xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:xliff:document:2.0" srcLang="en" trgLang="ru"
 xmlns:itsm="urn:oasis:names:tc:xliff:itsm:2.1">
 <file id="f1">
  <unit id="u1">
   <segment>
    <source><sm id="sm1" type="itsm:generic" itsm:taClassRef=" <http://nerd.eurecom.fr/ontology#Place> http://nerd.eurecom.fr/ontology#Place"
     itsm:taIdentRef=" <http://dbpedia.org/resource/Arizona> http://dbpedia.org/resource/Arizona"/>Arizona</source>
    <target>Аризона</target>
   </segment>
   <segment>
    <source><em startRef="sm1"/> Yeah!</source>
    <target>Да!</target>
   </segment>
  </unit>
 </file>

</xliff>

 

Serge

 

From: Felix Sasaki <mailto:fsasaki@w3.org> 
Sent: 18 августа 2016 г. 8:18
To: Serge Gladkoff <mailto:serge.gladkoff@gmail.com> 
Cc: public-i18n-its-ig@w3.org <mailto:public-i18n-its-ig@w3.org> ; Renat Bikmatov <mailto:renat.bikmatov@logrusglobal.com> ; Sergey Nozhenko <mailto:sergey.nozhenko@logrusglobal.com> 
Subject: Re: ITS rules for XLIFF 2.1

 

 

Am 17.08.2016 um 23:08 schrieb Serge Gladkoff < <mailto:serge.gladkoff@gmail.com> serge.gladkoff@gmail.com>:

 

Hello Felix,

 

I am sorry to say this but our developers believe that this is a clear case where ITS hit rock-bottom, so to speak.

 

The function of <sm>/<em> tags is to markup the areas which cannot be annotated by one tag because this would result in invalid XML file. This happens when the markup is conflicting with other tags. For example, with segmentation. 

 

In such cases inheritance does not work because the beginning of the unit may find itself inside one tag, and the end – inside another, and even on different levels.

 

Indeed - that was exactly my point. 





 

How one could describe ITS tags distribution in such cases?

 

By keeping your ITS processor (including inheritance behavior) as is, and then specify additional processing for sm, as defined below. My main point was that this does not change the behavior of a conformant ITS processor. It is *additional* behavior. 





Indeed, it is far from clear.

 

I wouldn't call this “a small burden”.

 

I implemented this as an additional behavior of my ITS processor. See 

 <https://github.com/fsasaki/its20-extractor/commit/4816b29f8b7010f307c5dad98b1ab4aa92c4ae70> https://github.com/fsasaki/its20-extractor/commit/4816b29f8b7010f307c5dad98b1ab4aa92c4ae70

the changes to datacategories-2-xsl.xsl . The changes was 4 lines of code. I am happy to look at your code with your developers, if that helps, to lower the burden.

 

Best,

 

Felix





 

Regards,

Serge

 

 

 

From: Felix Sasaki [ <mailto:fsasaki@w3.org> mailto:fsasaki@w3.org] 
Sent: Tuesday, August 16, 2016 7:20 PM
To: public-i18n-its-ig@w3.org <mailto:public-i18n-its-ig@w3.org> 
Subject: ITS rules for XLIFF 2.1

 

Hi all,

 

in the OASIS TC, currently the support of ITS in XLIFF 2.1 is being discussed.

 

As part of the discussion an ITS rules file is developed. The file should allow general ITS processors to work with XLIFF 2.X documents. There is one issue: XLIFF has elements „sm“ and „em“ which are empty markers. (ITS or any other) information then relates to the content between the start and end marker.

 

Below is a mail I had sent to the XLIFF list to find a work around. This would put a (small) burden on ITS processors, to deal with the sm / em elements. See below, I tried this with my general XSLT implementation. What do people think on this, esp. implementers?

 

Best,

 

Felix 

 

 

 

Anfang der weitergeleiteten Nachricht:

 

Von: Felix Sasaki < <mailto:felix@sasakiatcf.com> felix@sasakiatcf.com>

Betreff: Implementation of XLIFF 2.1 - ITS module

Datum: 12. August 2016 um 11:51:14 MESZ

An: XLIFF Main List < <mailto:xliff@lists.oasis-open.org> xliff@lists.oasis-open.org>

 

Hi all,

 

I started an ITS module implementation relying on my generic ITS processor. See the processed files here

 <https://github.com/fsasaki/its20-extractor/tree/master/sample/xliff21sample> https://github.com/fsasaki/its20-extractor/tree/master/sample/xliff21sample

external-rules.xml contains the rules, currently only for text analytics. inputfile.xml is an XLIFF 2.1 input file, currently with ITS Text Analytics information. The output is as a list of XPath expressions in nodelist-with-its-information.xml and as inline annotations in output-inline-annotation.xml

 

The output shows one issue which we had discussed before, see below, taken from output-inline-annotation.xml

 

<source>
               <itsAnn xmlns=""/>
               <sm id="sm1"
                   type="itsm:generic"
                   itsm:taClassRef=" <http://nerd.eurecom.fr/ontology#Place> http://nerd.eurecom.fr/ontology#Place"
                   itsm:taIdentRef=" <http://dbpedia.org/resource/Arizona> http://dbpedia.org/resource/Arizona">
                  <itsAnn xmlns="">
                     <elem>
                        <taClassRefPointer xmlns:xlf2="urn:oasis:names:tc:xliff:document:2.0"
                                           xmlns:its=" <http://www.w3.org/2005/11/its> http://www.w3.org/2005/11/its"
                                           xmlns:datc=" <http://example.com/datacats> http://example.com/datacats"
                                           itsm:taClassRef=" <http://nerd.eurecom.fr/ontology#Place> http://nerd.eurecom.fr/ontology#Place"/>
                        <taIdentRefPointer xmlns:xlf2="urn:oasis:names:tc:xliff:document:2.0"
                                           xmlns:its=" <http://www.w3.org/2005/11/its> http://www.w3.org/2005/11/its"
                                           xmlns:datc=" <http://example.com/datacats> http://example.com/datacats"
                                           itsm:taIdentRef=" <http://dbpedia.org/resource/Arizona> http://dbpedia.org/resource/Arizona"/>
                     </elem>
                  </itsAnn>
               </sm>Arizona<em startRef="sm1">
                  <itsAnn xmlns=""/>
               </em>
            </source>

 

 With the ITS rules file, „sm“ is annotated to have the text analytics information. But it is actually the content between sm and em that should be annotated. I don’t know how to resolve this. Maybe we should add to the ITS module the constraint that extends general ITS processors: if the selected element is XLIFF sm, apply the ITS information to the next em which corresponds to sm, via the startRef attribute. This would be a small burden on the ITS processors, but would greatly simply the creation of the ITS/XLIFF rules file. 

 

Thoughts?

 

Best,

 

Felix

 

 

 

 

 

 
Received on Wednesday, 31 August 2016 14:18:58 UTC

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