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[Bug 12839] New: @id: Define how Unicode normalization affects the 'unique identifier' status

From: <bugzilla@jessica.w3.org>
Date: Wed, 01 Jun 2011 01:18:20 +0000
To: public-html@w3.org
Message-ID: <bug-12839-2495@http.www.w3.org/Bugs/Public/>

           Summary: @id: Define how Unicode normalization affects the
                    'unique identifier' status
           Product: HTML WG
           Version: unspecified
          Platform: PC
               URL: http://dev.w3.org/html5/spec/elements#concept-id
        OS/Version: All
            Status: NEW
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P3
         Component: HTML5 spec (editor: Ian Hickson)
        AssignedTo: ian@hixie.ch
        ReportedBy: xn--mlform-iua@xn--mlform-iua.no
         QAContact: public-html-bugzilla@w3.org
                CC: mike@w3.org, public-html-wg-issue-tracking@w3.org,


  * DEFINE 'unique identifier'. 
  * SUGGESTED DEFINITION: State that W3C normalization [*] must be performed
before it can be established whether the @id is valid. That is: before it can
be established whether it constitutes a  'unique identifier'.  [*]

This means (and this should perhaps be emphasized) that  if two id attributes
differ only with regard to their normalization form, then it is a violation of
the "unique identifier" requirement. 


private tests of today's user agents (IE8, Firefox4, Opera11, Safari, Chrome)
shows that

that <a href="#a&#x30a;">link</a> targets <p id="&#xe5;">
whereas <a href="#&#xe5;">link</a> targets <p id="&#xe5;">

Thus, today's user agents do actually treat them as unique identifiers, despite
that they both refer to the same "" (&#xe5;).  

However, in order toi avoid author confusion as well as user confusion, this
should not be considered valid. It probably also breaks a number of other
specs, including Unicode, to treat them as unique.


   ]] The id attribute specifies its element's unique identifier (ID). The
value must be unique amongst all the IDs in the element's home subtree and must
contain at least one character.[[

PROBLEM: there is no definition of "unique".  Specifically, it does not state
whether two @id attributes that differs only with regard to the normalization,
are to be considered unique, or not.

EXAMPLE: In this example document, the letter '' (&#xe5;) is first represented
in decomposed form, and thereafter in composed form:

<!DOCTYPE html><title></title><p id="a&#x30a;"><p id="&#xe5;">

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Received on Wednesday, 1 June 2011 01:18:22 UTC

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