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RE: [EME] reuse of session

From: Maruyama, Shinya <Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com>
Date: Mon, 16 Jun 2014 23:02:09 +0000
To: Mark Watson <watsonm@netflix.com>
CC: David Dorwin <ddorwin@google.com>, "public-html-media@w3.org" <public-html-media@w3.org>
Message-ID: <E7496ED336482E459A47A005EAE8161206073E@JPYOKXMS121.jp.sony.com>
I should have added steps of needkey events.
Those steps are triggered because application receives the needkey.
For example, 1 to 8 is the case of VOD content playback and 1 to 16 is the case of live streaming requiring key rotation.

Currently steps 5, 8, 12, 13 and 16 causes creating extra sessions and then result in acquiring duplicated license because raw intiData comparison cannot detect the subset of KIDs being supplied.

1) Fetch MPD1
2) createSession(KIDv1, KIDa1 in MPD1) -> Resolved with session1 and KIDv1 and KIDa1 is stored in UA  // this session is created proactively without receiving needkey
3) Fetch video1(KIDv1) segment
4) needkey(KIDv1 in moof) is fired // In the case of MSE, typically KIDv1 is delivered by initialization segment containing pssh in moov
5) createSession(KIDv1) -> Resolved with null // because KIDv1 is already included in active session list
6) Fetch audio1 segment
7) needkey(KIDa1 in moof) is fired // In the case of MSE, typically KIDa1 is delivered by initialization segment containing pssh in moov
8) createSession(KIDa1 in moof) -> Resolved with null
-------------- if key rotation happens --------------
9) Fetch MPD2
10) createSession(KIDv2, KIDa2 in MPD2) -> Resolved with session2 // this session is created proactively without receiving needkey
11) Fetch video2 segment
12) needkey(KIDv2 in moof) is fired // In the case of MSE, typically KIDv2 is delivered by initialization segment containing pssh in moov
13) createSession(KIDv2 in moof) -> Resolved with null
14) Fetch audio2 segment
15) needkey(KIDa2 in moof) is fired // In the case of MSE, typically KIDa2 is delivered by initialization segment containing pssh in moov
16) createSession(KIDa2 in moof) -> Resolved with null


From: Mark Watson [mailto:watsonm@netflix.com]
Sent: Monday, June 16, 2014 11:57 PM
To: Maruyama, Shinya
Cc: David Dorwin; public-html-media@w3.org
Subject: Re: [EME] reuse of session

I'm afraid I have not been following this whole thread, but why do you have steps 4, 6, 10 and 12 at all below ?

...Mark

Sent from my iPhone

On Jun 15, 2014, at 7:33 PM, "Maruyama, Shinya" <Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com<mailto:Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com>> wrote:
Please see replies inline.

From: David Dorwin [mailto:ddorwin@google.com]
Sent: Saturday, June 14, 2014 3:31 AM
To: Maruyama, Shinya
Cc: public-html-media@w3.org<mailto:public-html-media@w3.org>
Subject: Re: [EME] reuse of session



On Thu, Jun 12, 2014 at 8:34 PM, Maruyama, Shinya <Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com<mailto:Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com>> wrote:
Does the KID array really help? The user agent would still need to (asynchronously) ask the CDM if it has each key ID. Even if it did, this only addresses a subset of content in one particular format.


I’m not sure why you think the user agent needs to ask the CDM.
Current model does not take care of “active session Initialization Data“ delivering what set of KIDs to CDM () or does not  ensure the preceding session have completed successfully. It just relies on the same initData will result in the same license and don’t care the result of pending license (createSession is resolved with null even though the preceding session may fails to acquire the license).
KID-granular comparison is basically the same. The initData should result in the license delivering all the KIDs contained in the initData (maybe it delivers extra KIDs though). It just ensures that the KIDs listed in UA will be or have been made available to CDM. This is the same assumption which the current model relies on. If a preceding license delivers extra KIDs, unnecessary session may be created. However it is not worse than current model, either.
I don't see how it is better and thus why we should add special behavior for one format (CENC) or a dependency on CENC second edition. (Actually, WebM would work fine because the initData is a KID.)

If, for example, audio and video streams are encrypted with different keys, they will have different PSSH boxes with different KID values. If the first session results in a license for both keys, the application and user agent will not know this. Only the CDM knows that it already has keys for both KIDs. Thus, the user agent can't do anything with knowledge of the KIDs in the initData. It would still create multiple sessions because the KIDs are different just as the entire initData is different.

The case above is a bad practice we cannot de-dup licenses.

What specifically is a bad practice? That all seems pretty standard.

I just compared it to the best practice below.




The one case where this might not be true is if there was fake initData (i.e. from a manifest) that contained both KIDs. Maybe this is what you are referring to below. However, this can probably be addressed by using a real PSSH box from one of the streams. If the license server is capable of returning a license for all KIDs based on a PSSH box containing just one of them, there is no reason to include all the KIDs in the manifest (if you are concerned about duplicate sessions in the key rotation case).

The best practice I mentioned below is the case KID comparison in user agents gives much help.
Actually, DASH-IF and common encryption 2nd edition are addressing the delivery of all the KIDs in the manifest.


The biggest advantage on introducing KID-granular comparison is that it helps to realize a best practice. For example, if manifest file delivers the pssh containing all KIDs for the presentation, the application can first call createSession with the pssh. Then, the subsequent media segment does not cause unnecessary sessions even though pssh is contained in moov or moof box.
Raw initData comparison cannot make it because pssh is different among manifest, moov and moof.
That's interesting - why are they different?

Is it because, as you said above, that the PSSH box from the manifest? What does the PSSH box in the moov contain? Why does the moov need a PSSH box?

Yes, the first pssh extracted from the manifest contains all the KID for the presentation because the manifest is a something to cover the entire streams.
Subsequent pssh may come from either moov or moof to support random access or trick play. Typically, as media segment contains a single track, those pssh’s are not the same unless the particular constraint is specified/operated like HbbTV restricting the Initialization Segment to being the common among all representations.

Are you still talking about a key rotation scenario? When you say "the manifest contains all the KID for the presentation", are you referring to all rotation periods or just for all streams in the current period? In the former case, you can ignore the needkey events. In the latter, you are still going to have problems for subsequent periods (see below).

It’s not limited to key rotation scenario. This sort of best practice would be generally useful for single track based media segment with different key encryption.
As to "the manifest contains all the KID for the presentation", I was referring to the case where a manifest contains KIDs for audio, video streams (irrespective of VoD or live streaming).


The PSSH box in the moof only contains key ID(s) for that specific track (e.g. video), right? If so, you'll have the same problem of different KIDs in the needkey events in a future rotation period.

In the case of DASH live streaming, MPD update mechanism can be used to create a new session with using updated MPD before key rotation happens.


I must be missing something. In addition to answering the questions above, it might help to provide an explicit example - what KID(s) are in the manifest, each PSSH box, each license, etc.


1)      Fetch MPD1

2)      createSession(KIDv1, KIDa1 in MPD1) -> Resolved with session1

3)      Fetch video1 segment

4)      createSession(KIDv1 in moof) -> Resolved with null

5)      Fetch audio1 segment

6)      createSession(KIDa1 in moof) -> Resolved with null

7)      Fetch MPD2

8)      createSession(KIDv2, KIDa2 in MPD2) -> Resolved with session2

9)      Fetch vieo2 segment

10)  createSession(KIDv2 in moof) -> Resolved with null

11)  Fetch audio2 segment

12)  createSession(KIDa2 in moof) -> Resolved with null
…

Received on Monday, 16 June 2014 23:02:48 UTC

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