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W3C policy: fear of change, caution to the point of paralysis. Let's change the world, but without taking any risks! (whatwg r2973)

From: poot <cvsmail@w3.org>
Date: Thu, 23 Apr 2009 07:21:53 +0900 (JST)
To: public-html-diffs@w3.org
Message-Id: <20090422222153.D197F2BC73@toro.w3.mag.keio.ac.jp>
W3C policy: fear of change, caution to the point of paralysis. Let's
change the world, but without taking any risks! (whatwg r2973)

WebSocket
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#websocket
Abstract
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#abstract
disconnect()
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#dom-websocket-disconnect
References
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#references
URL
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#dom-websocket-url
5.1 Garbage collection
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#garbage-collection
Web Socket task source
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#web-socket-task-source
When the Web Socket connection is closed, the readyState attribute's value must be changed to CLOSED (2), and the user agent must queue a task to fire a simple event named close at the WebSocket object.
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#closeWebSocket
1 Introduction
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#network-intro
WebSocket(url)
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#dom-websocket
CONNECTING
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#dom-websocket-connecting
readyState
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#dom-websocket-readystate
onmessage
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#handler-websocket-onmessage
CLOSED
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#dom-websocket-closed
2 Conformance requirements
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#conformance-requirements
4 The WebSocket interface
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#the-websocket-interface
onopen
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#handler-websocket-onopen
onclose
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#handler-websocket-onclose
Status of this document
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#status-of-this-document
OPEN
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#dom-websocket-open
5 Feedback from the protocol
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#feedback-from-the-protocol
W3C Working Draft 23 April 2009
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#w3c-working-draft-23-april-year
2.1 Dependencies
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#dependencies
postMessage(data)
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#dom-websocket-postmessage
3 Terminology
http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.1.67.html#terminology

http://people.w3.org/mike/diffs/html5/websockets/Overview.diff.html
http://dev.w3.org/cvsweb/html5/websockets/Overview.html?r1=1.66&r2=1.67&f=h
http://html5.org/tools/web-apps-tracker?from=2972&to=2973

===================================================================
RCS file: /sources/public/html5/websockets/Overview.html,v
retrieving revision 1.66
retrieving revision 1.67
diff -u -d -r1.66 -r1.67
--- Overview.html	22 Apr 2009 19:26:12 -0000	1.66
+++ Overview.html	22 Apr 2009 22:21:26 -0000	1.67
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-<!DOCTYPE html><!-- when publishing, change bits marked ZZZ --><html lang=en-US-x-Hixie><title>The Web Sockets API</title><style type=text/css>
+<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"><!-- when publishing, change bits marked ZZZ --><html lang="en-US-x-Hixie"><title>The Web Sockets API</title><style type="text/css">
    pre { margin-left: 2em; white-space: pre-wrap; }
    h2 { margin: 3em 0 1em 0; }
    h3 { margin: 2.5em 0 1em 0; }
@@ -142,55 +142,55 @@
      -webkit-column-width: 25em;
      -webkit-column-gap: 1em;
    }
-  </style><link href=http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-WD rel=stylesheet type=text/css><!-- ZZZ ED vs WD --><div class=head>
-   <p><a href=http://www.w3.org/><img alt=W3C height=48 src=http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home width=72></a></p>
+  </style><link href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-WD" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><!-- ZZZ ED vs WD --><div class="head">
+   <p><a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img alt="W3C" height="48" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" width="72"></a></p>
    <h1>The Web Sockets API</h1>
    <!--ZZZ:-->
-   <h2 class="no-num no-toc" id=w3c-working-draft-23-april-year>W3C Working Draft 23 April 2009</h2>
+   <h2 class="no-num no-toc" id="w3c-working-draft-23-april-year">W3C Working Draft 23 April 2009</h2>
    <!--<h2 class="no-num no-toc">Editor's Draft 22 April 2009</h2>-->
    <!--:ZZZ-->
    <dl><!-- ZZZ: update the month/day (twice), (un)comment out--><dt>This Version:</dt>
-    <dd><a href=http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/WD-websockets-20090423/>http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/WD-websockets-20090423/</a></dd>
+    <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/WD-websockets-20090423/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/WD-websockets-20090423/</a></dd>
 <!-- :ZZZ -->
     <dt>Latest Published Version:</dt>
-    <dd><a href=http://www.w3.org/TR/websockets/>http://www.w3.org/TR/websockets/</a></dd>
+    <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/websockets/">http://www.w3.org/TR/websockets/</a></dd>
     <dt>Latest Editor's Draft:</dt>
-    <dd><a href=http://dev.w3.org/html5/websockets/>http://dev.w3.org/html5/websockets/</a></dd>
+    <dd><a href="http://dev.w3.org/html5/websockets/">http://dev.w3.org/html5/websockets/</a></dd>
 <!-- ZZZ: add the new version after it has shipped
     <dt>Previous Versions:</dt>
     <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/WD-websockets-20090423/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/WD-websockets-20090423/</a>
  :ZZZ -->
     <dt>Editors:</dt>
-    <dd><a href=mailto:ian@hixie.ch>Ian Hickson</a>, Google, Inc.</dd>
-   </dl><p class=copyright><a href=http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright>Copyright</a>
-   &copy; 2009 <a href=http://www.w3.org/><abbr title="World Wide
-   Web Consortium">W3C</abbr></a><sup>&reg;</sup> (<a href=http://www.csail.mit.edu/><abbr title="Massachusetts
-   Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr></a>, <a href=http://www.ercim.org/><abbr title="European Research
-   Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</abbr></a>, <a href=http://www.keio.ac.jp/>Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. W3C
-   <a href=http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer>liability</a>,
-   <a href=http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks>trademark</a>
-   and <a href=http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents>document
+    <dd><a href="mailto:ian@hixie.ch">Ian Hickson</a>, Google, Inc.</dd>
+   </dl><p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a>
+   &copy; 2009 <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><abbr title="World Wide
+   Web Consortium">W3C</abbr></a><sup>&reg;</sup> (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><abbr title="Massachusetts
+   Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.org/"><abbr title="European Research
+   Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</abbr></a>, <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. W3C
+   <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>,
+   <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a>
+   and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document
    use</a> rules apply.</p>
 
-  </div><hr class=top><h2 class="no-num no-toc" id=abstract>Abstract</h2><p>This specification defines an API that enables Web pages to use
+  </div><hr class="top"><h2 class="no-num no-toc" id="abstract">Abstract</h2><p>This specification defines an API that enables Web pages to use
   the Web Sockets protocol for two-way communication with a remote
-  host.<h2 class="no-num no-toc" id=status-of-this-document>Status of this document</h2><!-- intro boilerplate (required) --><p><em>This section describes the status of this document at the
+  host.<h2 class="no-num no-toc" id="status-of-this-document">Status of this document</h2><!-- intro boilerplate (required) --><p><em>This section describes the status of this document at the
   time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this
   document. A list of current W3C publications and the most recently
   formally published revision of this technical report can be found in
-  the <a href=http://www.w3.org/TR/>W3C technical reports index</a>
+  the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/">W3C technical reports index</a>
   at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em></p><!-- where to send feedback (required) --><p>If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send
-  them to <a href=mailto:public-webapps@w3.org>public-webapps@w3.org</a>
+  them to <a href="mailto:public-webapps@w3.org">public-webapps@w3.org</a>
   (<a href="mailto:public-webapps-request@w3.org?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>,
-  <a href=http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-webapps/>archives</a>),
+  <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-webapps/">archives</a>),
 
   <!-- UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES IS THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE TO BE REMOVED OR EDITED WITHOUT TALKING TO IAN FIRST -->  
-  <a href=mailto:whatwg@whatwg.org>whatwg@whatwg.org</a> (<a href=http://lists.whatwg.org/listinfo.cgi/whatwg-whatwg.org>subscribe</a>,
-  <a href=http://lists.whatwg.org/pipermail/whatwg-whatwg.org/>archives</a>),
+  <a href="mailto:whatwg@whatwg.org">whatwg@whatwg.org</a> (<a href="http://lists.whatwg.org/listinfo.cgi/whatwg-whatwg.org">subscribe</a>,
+  <a href="http://lists.whatwg.org/pipermail/whatwg-whatwg.org/">archives</a>),
   <!-- UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES IS THE PRECEDING SENTENCE TO BE REMOVED OR EDITED WITHOUT TALKING TO IAN FIRST -->
 
-  or <a href=mailto:hybi@ietf.org>hybi@ietf.org</a> (<a href=https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/hybi>subscribe</a>,
-  <a href=http://www.ietf.org/mail-archive/web/hybi/current/maillist.html>archives</a>).
+  or <a href="mailto:hybi@ietf.org">hybi@ietf.org</a> (<a href="https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/hybi">subscribe</a>,
+  <a href="http://www.ietf.org/mail-archive/web/hybi/current/maillist.html">archives</a>).
 
   All feedback is welcome.</p><!-- stability (required) --><p>Implementors should be aware that this specification is not
   stable. <strong>Implementors who are not taking part in the
@@ -199,19 +199,19 @@
   implementing this specification before it eventually reaches the
   Candidate Recommendation stage should join the aforementioned
   mailing lists and take part in the discussions.</p><!-- version history or list of changes (required) --><p>The latest stable version of the editor's draft of this
-  specification is always available on <a href=http://dev.w3.org/html5/websockets/Overview.html>the W3C CVS
+  specification is always available on <a href="http://dev.w3.org/html5/websockets/Overview.html">the W3C CVS
   server</a>. Change tracking for this document is available at the
-  following location:<ul><li>CVS log: <a href=http://dev.w3.org/cvsweb/html5/websockets/Overview.html>http://dev.w3.org/cvsweb/html5/websockets/Overview.html</a></li>
+  following location:<ul><li>CVS log: <a href="http://dev.w3.org/cvsweb/html5/websockets/Overview.html">http://dev.w3.org/cvsweb/html5/websockets/Overview.html</a></li>
   </ul><!-- UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES IS THE FOLLOWING PARAGRAPH TO BE REMOVED OR EDITED WITHOUT TALKING TO IAN FIRST --><!-- relationship to other work (required) --><p>This specification is automatically generated from the
   corresponding section in the HTML5 specification's source document,
-  as hosted in the <a href=http://svn.whatwg.org/webapps/>WHATWG
+  as hosted in the <a href="http://svn.whatwg.org/webapps/">WHATWG
   Subversion repository</a>. Detailed change history for all of HTML5,
   including the parts that form this specification, can be found at
-  the following locations:</p><!-- UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES IS THE PRECEDING PARAGRAPH TO BE REMOVED OR EDITED WITHOUT TALKING TO IAN FIRST --><!-- UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES IS THE FOLLOWING LIST TO BE REMOVED OR EDITED WITHOUT TALKING TO IAN FIRST --><ul><li>Twitter messages (non-editorial changes only): <a href=http://twitter.com/WHATWG>http://twitter.com/WHATWG</a></li>
-   <li>Interactive Web interface: <a href=http://html5.org/tools/web-apps-tracker>http://html5.org/tools/web-apps-tracker</a></li>
-   <li>Commit-Watchers mailing list: <a href=http://lists.whatwg.org/listinfo.cgi/commit-watchers-whatwg.org>http://lists.whatwg.org/listinfo.cgi/commit-watchers-whatwg.org</a></li>
-   <li>Subversion interface: <a href=http://svn.whatwg.org/webapps/>http://svn.whatwg.org/webapps/</a></li>
-  </ul><!-- UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES IS THE PRECEDING LIST TO BE REMOVED OR EDITED WITHOUT TALKING TO IAN FIRST --><!-- status of document, group responsible (required) --><p>The W3C <a href=http://www.w3.org/2008/webapps/>Web Apps
+  the following locations:</p><!-- UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES IS THE PRECEDING PARAGRAPH TO BE REMOVED OR EDITED WITHOUT TALKING TO IAN FIRST --><!-- UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES IS THE FOLLOWING LIST TO BE REMOVED OR EDITED WITHOUT TALKING TO IAN FIRST --><ul><li>Twitter messages (non-editorial changes only): <a href="http://twitter.com/WHATWG">http://twitter.com/WHATWG</a></li>
+   <li>Interactive Web interface: <a href="http://html5.org/tools/web-apps-tracker">http://html5.org/tools/web-apps-tracker</a></li>
+   <li>Commit-Watchers mailing list: <a href="http://lists.whatwg.org/listinfo.cgi/commit-watchers-whatwg.org">http://lists.whatwg.org/listinfo.cgi/commit-watchers-whatwg.org</a></li>
+   <li>Subversion interface: <a href="http://svn.whatwg.org/webapps/">http://svn.whatwg.org/webapps/</a></li>
+  </ul><!-- UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES IS THE PRECEDING LIST TO BE REMOVED OR EDITED WITHOUT TALKING TO IAN FIRST --><!-- status of document, group responsible (required) --><p>The W3C <a href="http://www.w3.org/2008/webapps/">Web Apps
   Working Group</a> is the W3C working group responsible for this
   specification's progress along the W3C Recommendation track.
   <!--ZZZ:-->
@@ -220,40 +220,40 @@
   <!--:ZZZ-->
   <p>This specification is being developed in conjunction with an
   Internet Draft for a wire protocol, the Web Socket Protocol,
-  available from the IETF at the following location:<ul><li>WebSocket Protocol Internet-Draft: <a href=http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-hixie-thewebsocketprotocol>http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-hixie-thewebsocketprotocol</a></li>
-  </ul><!-- required patent boilerplate --><p>This document was produced by a group operating under the <a href=http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/>5
-  February 2004 W3C Patent Policy</a>. W3C maintains a <a href=http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/42538/status rel=disclosure>public list of
+  available from the IETF at the following location:<ul><li>WebSocket Protocol Internet-Draft: <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-hixie-thewebsocketprotocol">http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-hixie-thewebsocketprotocol</a></li>
+  </ul><!-- required patent boilerplate --><p>This document was produced by a group operating under the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5
+  February 2004 W3C Patent Policy</a>. W3C maintains a <a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/42538/status" rel="disclosure">public list of
   any patent disclosures</a> made in connection with the deliverables
   of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a
   patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the
-  individual believes contains <a href=http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential>Essential
-  Claim(s)</a> must disclose the information in accordance with <a href=http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure>section
-  6 of the W3C Patent Policy</a>.<h2 class="no-num no-toc" id=contents>Table of contents</h2>
+  individual believes contains <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential
+  Claim(s)</a> must disclose the information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section
+  6 of the W3C Patent Policy</a>.<h2 class="no-num no-toc" id="contents">Table of contents</h2>
 <!--begin-toc-->
-<ol class=toc>
- <li><a href=#network-intro><span class=secno>1 </span>Introduction</a></li>
- <li><a href=#conformance-requirements><span class=secno>2 </span>Conformance requirements</a>
+<ol class="toc">
+ <li><a href="#network-intro"><span class="secno">1 </span>Introduction</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#conformance-requirements"><span class="secno">2 </span>Conformance requirements</a>
   <ol>
-   <li><a href=#dependencies><span class=secno>2.1 </span>Dependencies</a></ol></li>
- <li><a href=#terminology><span class=secno>3 </span>Terminology</a></li>
- <li><a href=#the-websocket-interface><span class=secno>4 </span>The <code>WebSocket</code> interface</a></li>
- <li><a href=#feedback-from-the-protocol><span class=secno>5 </span>Feedback from the protocol</a>
+   <li><a href="#dependencies"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Dependencies</a></ol></li>
+ <li><a href="#terminology"><span class="secno">3 </span>Terminology</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#the-websocket-interface"><span class="secno">4 </span>The <code>WebSocket</code> interface</a></li>
+ <li><a href="#feedback-from-the-protocol"><span class="secno">5 </span>Feedback from the protocol</a>
   <ol>
-   <li><a href=#garbage-collection><span class=secno>5.1 </span>Garbage collection</a></ol></li>
- <li><a class=no-num href=#references>References</a></ol>
-<!--end-toc--><hr><h2 id=network-intro><span class=secno>1 </span>Introduction</h2><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em><p>To enable Web applications to maintain bidirectional
+   <li><a href="#garbage-collection"><span class="secno">5.1 </span>Garbage collection</a></ol></li>
+ <li><a class="no-num" href="#references">References</a></ol>
+<!--end-toc--><hr><h2 id="network-intro"><span class="secno">1 </span>Introduction</h2><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em><p>To enable Web applications to maintain bidirectional
   communications with server-side processes, this specification
-  introduces the <code><a href=#websocket>WebSocket</a></code> interface.<p class=note>This interface does not allow for raw access to the
+  introduces the <code><a href="#websocket">WebSocket</a></code> interface.<p class="note">This interface does not allow for raw access to the
   underlying network. For example, this interface could not be used to
   implement an IRC client without proxying messages through a custom
-  server.<p class=XXX>An introduction to the client-side and
-  server-side of using the direct connection APIs.<h2 id=conformance-requirements><span class=secno>2 </span>Conformance requirements</h2><p>All diagrams, examples, and notes in this specification are
+  server.<p class="XXX">An introduction to the client-side and
+  server-side of using the direct connection APIs.<h2 id="conformance-requirements"><span class="secno">2 </span>Conformance requirements</h2><p>All diagrams, examples, and notes in this specification are
   non-normative, as are all sections explicitly marked non-normative.
   Everything else in this specification is normative.<p>The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", <!--"SHALL", "SHALL
   NOT",--> "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in the normative parts of this document are to be
   interpreted as described in RFC2119. For readability, these words do
-  not appear in all uppercase letters in this specification. <a href=#references>[RFC2119]</a><p>Requirements phrased in the imperative as part of algorithms
+  not appear in all uppercase letters in this specification. <a href="#references">[RFC2119]</a><p>Requirements phrased in the imperative as part of algorithms
   (such as "strip any leading space characters" or "return false and
   abort these steps") are to be interpreted with the meaning of the
   key word ("must", "should", "may", etc) used in introducing the
@@ -267,13 +267,13 @@
   agents.<p>User agents may impose implementation-specific limits on
   otherwise unconstrained inputs, e.g. to prevent denial of service
   attacks, to guard against running out of memory, or to work around
-  platform-specific limitations.<h3 id=dependencies><span class=secno>2.1 </span>Dependencies</h3><p>This specification relies on several other underlying
+  platform-specific limitations.<h3 id="dependencies"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Dependencies</h3><p>This specification relies on several other underlying
   specifications.<dl><dt>HTML5</dt>
 
    <dd>
 
     <p>Many fundamental concepts from HTML5 are used by this
-    specification. <a href=#references>[HTML5]</a></p>
+    specification. <a href="#references">[HTML5]</a></p>
 
    </dd>
 
@@ -282,147 +282,147 @@
    <dd>
 
     <p>The IDL blocks in this specification use the semantics of the
-    WebIDL specification. <a href=#references>[WebIDL]</a></p>
+    WebIDL specification. <a href="#references">[WebIDL]</a></p>
 
    </dd>
 
-  </dl><h2 id=terminology><span class=secno>3 </span>Terminology</h2><p>The construction "a <code title="">Foo</code> object", where
+  </dl><h2 id="terminology"><span class="secno">3 </span>Terminology</h2><p>The construction "a <code title="">Foo</code> object", where
   <code title="">Foo</code> is actually an interface, is sometimes
   used instead of the more accurate "an object implementing the
   interface <code title="">Foo</code>".<p>The term DOM is used to refer to the API set made available to
   scripts in Web applications, and does not necessarily imply the
   existence of an actual <code>Document</code> object or of any other
   <code>Node</code> objects as defined in the DOM Core
-  specifications. <a href=#references>[DOM3CORE]</a><p>A DOM attribute is said to be <em>getting</em> when its value is
+  specifications. <a href="#references">[DOM3CORE]</a><p>A DOM attribute is said to be <em>getting</em> when its value is
   being retrieved (e.g. by author script), and is said to be
-  <em>setting</em> when a new value is assigned to it.<h2 id=the-websocket-interface><span class=secno>4 </span>The <code><a href=#websocket>WebSocket</a></code> interface</h2><pre class=idl>[<a href=#dom-websocket title=dom-WebSocket>Constructor</a>(in DOMString url)]
-interface <dfn id=websocket>WebSocket</dfn> {
-  readonly attribute DOMString <a href=#dom-websocket-url title=dom-WebSocket-URL>URL</a>;
+  <em>setting</em> when a new value is assigned to it.<h2 id="the-websocket-interface"><span class="secno">4 </span>The <code><a href="#websocket">WebSocket</a></code> interface</h2><pre class="idl">[<a href="#dom-websocket" title="dom-WebSocket">Constructor</a>(in DOMString url)]
+interface <dfn id="websocket">WebSocket</dfn> {
+  readonly attribute DOMString <a href="#dom-websocket-url" title="dom-WebSocket-URL">URL</a>;
 
   // ready state
-  const unsigned short <a href=#dom-websocket-connecting title=dom-WebSocket-CONNECTING>CONNECTING</a> = 0;
-  const unsigned short <a href=#dom-websocket-open title=dom-WebSocket-OPEN>OPEN</a> = 1;
-  const unsigned short <a href=#dom-websocket-closed title=dom-WebSocket-CLOSED>CLOSED</a> = 2;
-  readonly attribute long <a href=#dom-websocket-readystate title=dom-WebSocket-readyState>readyState</a>;
+  const unsigned short <a href="#dom-websocket-connecting" title="dom-WebSocket-CONNECTING">CONNECTING</a> = 0;
+  const unsigned short <a href="#dom-websocket-open" title="dom-WebSocket-OPEN">OPEN</a> = 1;
+  const unsigned short <a href="#dom-websocket-closed" title="dom-WebSocket-CLOSED">CLOSED</a> = 2;
+  readonly attribute long <a href="#dom-websocket-readystate" title="dom-WebSocket-readyState">readyState</a>;
 
   // networking
-           attribute <span>Function</span> <a href=#handler-websocket-onopen title=handler-WebSocket-onopen>onopen</a>;
-           attribute <span>Function</span> <a href=#handler-websocket-onmessage title=handler-WebSocket-onmessage>onmessage</a>;
-           attribute <span>Function</span> <a href=#handler-websocket-onclose title=handler-WebSocket-onclose>onclose</a>;
-  void <a href=#dom-websocket-postmessage title=dom-WebSocket-postMessage>postMessage</a>(in DOMString data);
-  void <a href=#dom-websocket-disconnect title=dom-WebSocket-disconnect>disconnect</a>();
-};</pre><p><code><a href=#websocket>WebSocket</a></code> objects must also implement the
-  <code>EventTarget</code> interface. <a href=#references>[DOM3EVENTS]</a>
+           attribute <span>Function</span> <a href="#handler-websocket-onopen" title="handler-WebSocket-onopen">onopen</a>;
+           attribute <span>Function</span> <a href="#handler-websocket-onmessage" title="handler-WebSocket-onmessage">onmessage</a>;
+           attribute <span>Function</span> <a href="#handler-websocket-onclose" title="handler-WebSocket-onclose">onclose</a>;
+  void <a href="#dom-websocket-postmessage" title="dom-WebSocket-postMessage">postMessage</a>(in DOMString data);
+  void <a href="#dom-websocket-disconnect" title="dom-WebSocket-disconnect">disconnect</a>();
+};</pre><p><code><a href="#websocket">WebSocket</a></code> objects must also implement the
+  <code>EventTarget</code> interface. <a href="#references">[DOM3EVENTS]</a>
 
-  <p>The <dfn id=dom-websocket title=dom-WebSocket><code>WebSocket(<var title="">url</var>)</code></dfn> constructor takes one argument,
+  <p>The <dfn id="dom-websocket" title="dom-WebSocket"><code>WebSocket(<var title="">url</var>)</code></dfn> constructor takes one argument,
   <var title="">url</var>, which specifies the <span>URL</span> to
   which to connect. When the <code>WebSocket()</code> constructor is
   invoked, the UA must run these steps:<ol><li><p><span title="parse a url">Parse</span> the <var title="">url</var> argument.</li>
 
    <li><p>If the previous step failed, or if <var title="">url</var>
-   does not have a <span title=url-scheme>&lt;scheme&gt;</span>
+   does not have a <span title="url-scheme">&lt;scheme&gt;</span>
    component whose value is either "<code title="">ws</code>" or
    "<code title="">wss</code>", when compared in an <span>ASCII
    case-insensitive</span> manner, then throw a
    <code>SYNTAX_ERR</code> exception.</li>
 
-   <li><p>Return a new <code><a href=#websocket>WebSocket</a></code> object, and continue
+   <li><p>Return a new <code><a href="#websocket">WebSocket</a></code> object, and continue
    these steps in the background (without blocking scripts).</li>
 
    <li><p>Let <var title="">origin</var> be the <span title="ASCII
    serialization of an origin">ASCII serialization</span> of the
-   <span>origin</span> of the script that invoked the <code title=dom-WebSocket><a href=#dom-websocket>WebSocket()</a></code> constructor,
+   <span>origin</span> of the script that invoked the <code title="dom-WebSocket"><a href="#dom-websocket">WebSocket()</a></code> constructor,
    <span>converted to lowercase</span>.</li>
 
-   <li><p>If the <span title=url-scheme>&lt;scheme&gt;</span>
+   <li><p>If the <span title="url-scheme">&lt;scheme&gt;</span>
    component of <var title="">url</var> is "<code title="">ws</code>",
-   set <var title="">secure</var> to false; otherwise, the <span title=url-scheme>&lt;scheme&gt;</span> component is "<code title="">wss</code>", set <var title="">secure</var> to
+   set <var title="">secure</var> to false; otherwise, the <span title="url-scheme">&lt;scheme&gt;</span> component is "<code title="">wss</code>", set <var title="">secure</var> to
    true.</li>
 
-   <li><p>Let <var title="">host</var> be the value of the <span title=url-host>&lt;host&gt;</span> component of <var title="">url</var>, <span>converted to lowercase</span>.</li>
+   <li><p>Let <var title="">host</var> be the value of the <span title="url-host">&lt;host&gt;</span> component of <var title="">url</var>, <span>converted to lowercase</span>.</li>
 
-   <li><p>If <var title="">url</var> has a <span title=url-port>&lt;port&gt;</span> component, then let <var title="">port</var> be that component's value; otherwise, there is
+   <li><p>If <var title="">url</var> has a <span title="url-port">&lt;port&gt;</span> component, then let <var title="">port</var> be that component's value; otherwise, there is
    no explicit <var title="">port</var>.</li>
 
    <li><p>Let <var title="">resource name</var> be the value of the
-   <span title=url-path>&lt;path&gt;</span> component (which might
+   <span title="url-path">&lt;path&gt;</span> component (which might
    be empty) of <var title="">url</var>.</li>
 
    <li><p>If <var title="">resource name</var> is the empty string,
    set it to a single character U+002F SOLIDUS (/).</li>
 
-   <li><p>If <var title="">url</var> has a <span title=url-query>&lt;query&gt;</span> component, then append a
+   <li><p>If <var title="">url</var> has a <span title="url-query">&lt;query&gt;</span> component, then append a
    single U+003F QUESTION MARK (?) character to <var title="">resource
-   name</var>, followed by the value of the <span title=url-query>&lt;query&gt;</span> component.</li>
+   name</var>, followed by the value of the <span title="url-query">&lt;query&gt;</span> component.</li>
 
    <li><p><span>Establish a Web Socket connection</span> to a host
    <var title="">host</var>, on port <var title="">port</var> (if one
    was specified), from <var title="">origin</var>, with the flag <var title="">secure</var>, and with <var title="">resource name</var>
    as the resource name.</li>
 
-  </ol><hr><p>The <dfn id=dom-websocket-url title=dom-WebSocket-URL><code>URL</code></dfn>
+  </ol><hr><p>The <dfn id="dom-websocket-url" title="dom-WebSocket-URL"><code>URL</code></dfn>
   attribute must return the value that was passed to the
-  constructor.<p>The <dfn id=dom-websocket-readystate title=dom-WebSocket-readyState><code>readyState</code></dfn>
+  constructor.<p>The <dfn id="dom-websocket-readystate" title="dom-WebSocket-readyState"><code>readyState</code></dfn>
   attribute represents the state of the connection. It can have the
-  following values:<dl><dt><dfn id=dom-websocket-connecting title=dom-WebSocket-CONNECTING><code>CONNECTING</code></dfn> (numeric value 0)</dt>
+  following values:<dl><dt><dfn id="dom-websocket-connecting" title="dom-WebSocket-CONNECTING"><code>CONNECTING</code></dfn> (numeric value 0)</dt>
 
    <dd>The connection has not yet been established.</dd>
 
-   <dt><dfn id=dom-websocket-open title=dom-WebSocket-OPEN><code>OPEN</code></dfn> (numeric value 1)</dt>
+   <dt><dfn id="dom-websocket-open" title="dom-WebSocket-OPEN"><code>OPEN</code></dfn> (numeric value 1)</dt>
 
    <dd>The <span>Web Socket connection is established</span> and communication is possible.</dd>
 
-   <dt><dfn id=dom-websocket-closed title=dom-WebSocket-CLOSED><code>CLOSED</code></dfn> (numeric value 2)</dt>
+   <dt><dfn id="dom-websocket-closed" title="dom-WebSocket-CLOSED"><code>CLOSED</code></dfn> (numeric value 2)</dt>
 
    <dd>The connection has been closed or could not be opened.</dd>
 
-  </dl><p>When the object is created its <code title=dom-WebSocket-readyState><a href=#dom-websocket-readystate>readyState</a></code> must be set to
-  <code title=dom-WebSocket-CONNECTING><a href=#dom-websocket-connecting>CONNECTING</a></code> (0). The
+  </dl><p>When the object is created its <code title="dom-WebSocket-readyState"><a href="#dom-websocket-readystate">readyState</a></code> must be set to
+  <code title="dom-WebSocket-CONNECTING"><a href="#dom-websocket-connecting">CONNECTING</a></code> (0). The
   steps executed when the constructor is invoked change this
-  attribute's value.<p>The <dfn id=dom-websocket-postmessage title=dom-WebSocket-postMessage><code>postMessage(<var title="">data</var>)</code></dfn> method transmits data using the
-  connection. If the connection is not established (<code title=dom-WebSocket-readyState><a href=#dom-websocket-readystate>readyState</a></code> is not <code title=dom-WebSocket-OPEN><a href=#dom-websocket-open>OPEN</a></code>), it must raise an
+  attribute's value.<p>The <dfn id="dom-websocket-postmessage" title="dom-WebSocket-postMessage"><code>postMessage(<var title="">data</var>)</code></dfn> method transmits data using the
+  connection. If the connection is not established (<code title="dom-WebSocket-readyState"><a href="#dom-websocket-readystate">readyState</a></code> is not <code title="dom-WebSocket-OPEN"><a href="#dom-websocket-open">OPEN</a></code>), it must raise an
   <code>INVALID_STATE_ERR</code> exception. If the connection
-  <em>is</em> established, then the user agent must <span>send <var title="">data</var> using the Web Socket</span>.<p>The <dfn id=dom-websocket-disconnect title=dom-WebSocket-disconnect><code>disconnect()</code></dfn>
+  <em>is</em> established, then the user agent must <span>send <var title="">data</var> using the Web Socket</span>.<p>The <dfn id="dom-websocket-disconnect" title="dom-WebSocket-disconnect"><code>disconnect()</code></dfn>
   method must <span>close the Web Socket connection</span> or
   connection attempt, if any. If the connection is already closed, it
-  must do nothing. Closing the connection causes a <code title=event-close>close</code> event to be fired and
-  the <code title=dom-WebSocket-readyState><a href=#dom-websocket-readystate>readyState</a></code>
-  attribute's value to change, as <a href=#closeWebSocket>described
+  must do nothing. Closing the connection causes a <code title="event-close">close</code> event to be fired and
+  the <code title="dom-WebSocket-readyState"><a href="#dom-websocket-readystate">readyState</a></code>
+  attribute's value to change, as <a href="#closeWebSocket">described
   below</a>.<hr><p>The following are the <span>event handler attributes</span> that
   must be supported, as DOM attributes, by all objects implementing
-  the <code><a href=#websocket>WebSocket</a></code> interface:<table><thead><tr><th><span title="event handler attributes">event handler attribute</span> <th><span>Event handler event type</span>
-   <tbody><tr><td><dfn id=handler-websocket-onopen title=handler-WebSocket-onopen><code>onopen</code></dfn> <td> <code title=event-open>open</code>
-    <tr><td><dfn id=handler-websocket-onmessage title=handler-WebSocket-onmessage><code>onmessage</code></dfn> <td> <code title=event-message>message</code>
-    <tr><td><dfn id=handler-websocket-onclose title=handler-WebSocket-onclose><code>onclose</code></dfn> <td> <code title=event-close>close</code>
-  </table><h2 id=feedback-from-the-protocol><span class=secno>5 </span>Feedback from the protocol</h2><p>When the <i>Web Socket connection is established</i>, the user
+  the <code><a href="#websocket">WebSocket</a></code> interface:<table><thead><tr><th><span title="event handler attributes">event handler attribute</span> <th><span>Event handler event type</span>
+   <tbody><tr><td><dfn id="handler-websocket-onopen" title="handler-WebSocket-onopen"><code>onopen</code></dfn> <td> <code title="event-open">open</code>
+    <tr><td><dfn id="handler-websocket-onmessage" title="handler-WebSocket-onmessage"><code>onmessage</code></dfn> <td> <code title="event-message">message</code>
+    <tr><td><dfn id="handler-websocket-onclose" title="handler-WebSocket-onclose"><code>onclose</code></dfn> <td> <code title="event-close">close</code>
+  </table><h2 id="feedback-from-the-protocol"><span class="secno">5 </span>Feedback from the protocol</h2><p>When the <i>Web Socket connection is established</i>, the user
   agent must run the following steps:<ol><li>
 
-    <p>Change the <code title=dom-WebSocket-readyState><a href=#dom-websocket-readystate>readyState</a></code> attribute's value
-    to <code title=dom-WebSocket-OPEN><a href=#dom-websocket-open>OPEN</a></code> (1).</p>
+    <p>Change the <code title="dom-WebSocket-readyState"><a href="#dom-websocket-readystate">readyState</a></code> attribute's value
+    to <code title="dom-WebSocket-OPEN"><a href="#dom-websocket-open">OPEN</a></code> (1).</p>
 
    </li>
 
    <li>
 
     <p><span>Queue a task</span> to <span>fire a simple event</span>
-    named <code title=event-open>open</code> at the
-    <code><a href=#websocket>WebSocket</a></code> object.</p>
+    named <code title="event-open">open</code> at the
+    <code><a href="#websocket">WebSocket</a></code> object.</p>
 
    </li>
 
   </ol><hr><p>When <i>a Web Socket message has been received</i> with text <var title="">data</var>, the user agent must create an event that uses
-  the <code>MessageEvent</code> interface, with the event name <code title=event-message>message</code>, which does not bubble, is
-  cancelable, has no default action, and whose <code title=dom-MessageEvent-data>data</code> attribute is set to <var title="">data</var>, and <span>queue a task</span> to dispatch it at
-  the <code><a href=#websocket>WebSocket</a></code> object.<hr><p id=closeWebSocket>When the <i>Web Socket connection is
-  closed</i>, the <code title=dom-WebSocket-readyState><a href=#dom-websocket-readystate>readyState</a></code> attribute's value
-  must be changed to <code title=dom-WebSocket-CLOSED><a href=#dom-websocket-closed>CLOSED</a></code>
+  the <code>MessageEvent</code> interface, with the event name <code title="event-message">message</code>, which does not bubble, is
+  cancelable, has no default action, and whose <code title="dom-MessageEvent-data">data</code> attribute is set to <var title="">data</var>, and <span>queue a task</span> to dispatch it at
+  the <code><a href="#websocket">WebSocket</a></code> object.<hr><p id="closeWebSocket">When the <i>Web Socket connection is
+  closed</i>, the <code title="dom-WebSocket-readyState"><a href="#dom-websocket-readystate">readyState</a></code> attribute's value
+  must be changed to <code title="dom-WebSocket-CLOSED"><a href="#dom-websocket-closed">CLOSED</a></code>
   (2), and the user agent must <span>queue a task</span> to <span>fire
-  a simple event</span> named <code title=event-close>close</code> at the
-  <code><a href=#websocket>WebSocket</a></code> object.<hr><p>The <span>task source</span> for all <span title=concept-task>tasks</span> <span title="queue a
-  task">queued</span> in this section is the <dfn id=web-socket-task-source>Web Socket task
-  source</dfn>.<h3 id=garbage-collection><span class=secno>5.1 </span>Garbage collection</h3><p>A <code><a href=#websocket>WebSocket</a></code> object with an open connection must not
+  a simple event</span> named <code title="event-close">close</code> at the
+  <code><a href="#websocket">WebSocket</a></code> object.<hr><p>The <span>task source</span> for all <span title="concept-task">tasks</span> <span title="queue a
+  task">queued</span> in this section is the <dfn id="web-socket-task-source">Web Socket task
+  source</dfn>.<h3 id="garbage-collection"><span class="secno">5.1 </span>Garbage collection</h3><p>A <code><a href="#websocket">WebSocket</a></code> object with an open connection must not
   be garbage collected if there are any event listeners registered for
-  <code title=event-message>message</code> events.<p>If a <code><a href=#websocket>WebSocket</a></code> object is garbage collected while its
+  <code title="event-message">message</code> events.<p>If a <code><a href="#websocket">WebSocket</a></code> object is garbage collected while its
   connection is still open, the user agent must <span>close the Web
-  Socket connection</span>.<h2 class=no-num id=references>References</h2><p class=big-issue>This section will be written in a future
+  Socket connection</span>.<h2 class="no-num" id="references">References</h2><p class="big-issue">This section will be written in a future
   draft.<!--XXX-->
Received on Wednesday, 22 April 2009 22:22:32 GMT

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