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Re: Alignment between SKOS and new ISO 25964 thesaurus standard

From: Juan Antonio Pastor Sánchez <pastor@um.es>
Date: Sat, 27 Oct 2012 18:48:27 +0200
Message-ID: <CAFkhdr_s5YNED2mmGub-q_pMVGumuE7nU_JTaPOgd5DetVbYjw@mail.gmail.com>
To: public-esw-thes@w3.org
Hi all,

Our research group is finalizing an ontology based on ISO. The design is
based on a careful analysis of the new standard. Following the same we
conclude that ISO 25964-1/2 is practically impossible to map correctly with
SKOS in the most important aspects.

The goal of the ontology we are designing is to make a bridge between the
ISO and SKOS model. In fact the model proposed by ISO lacks adequate
semantics for drawing inferences.

In my opinion we should consider several points:

* First, SKOS is being so used because of its simplicity. SKOS provides all
the basic principles of knowledge organization systems. ISO includes all
cases of use in the design of a thesaurus starting from the most complex
case. The current "core" of SKOS need not be modified.

* Second, the data model of ISO 25964-1/2 is very focused on storage of
thesaurus data in a relational database.

* Third, instead of changing SKOS, an extension could be designed similar
to SKOS-XL (SKOS-ISOTHES?). This extension should include (mainly) the
compound equivalence of concepts, labeled semantic relationships and
mappings relationships described in 25964-1/2.

It would not be necessary to include a errata, as the basis of SKOS still
based on ISO 2788/5964. Maybe, designing an SKOS extension based on ISO
25964-1/2 could be a solution that maintains interoperability of SKOS
applications that have been made so far.

Best Regards,

2012/10/27 Antoine Isaac <aisaac@few.vu.nl>

> Dear all,
> ISO 25964-1, published in 2011, replaced the previous thesaurus standards
> ISO 2788 and ISO 5964 (both now withdrawn). Members of the Working Group
> responsible for ISO 25964 have gone on to consider the implications for
> SKOS users. They have developed a set of linkages between the elements of
> the ISO 25964 data model and the ones from SKOS [1], SKOS-XL [2], and
> MADS/RDF [3]. This new "Correspondence between ISO 25964 and SKOS/SKOS-XL
> models" document can be accessed at [4] and aims at replacing the previous
> table presented in the SKOS Primer [5].
> We therefore suggest to add the following erratum to the SKOS Primer [6]:
> [
> Errata for SKOS Primer
> - [ISO-Correspondences] (XX Nov 2012)
> The 2009 version of the SKOS Primer includes a correspondence table
> between SKOS and the ISO-2788/5964 thesaurus standards:
> http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/**NOTE-skos-primer-20090818/#**
> seccorrespondencesISO<http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/NOTE-skos-primer-20090818/#seccorrespondencesISO>
> .
> This table is made obsolete by the publication of a new thesaurus data
> model in ISO 25964. Readers of the SKOS Primer can find an updated table,
> Correspondence between ISO 25964 and SKOS/SKOS-XL models", at
> http://www.niso.org/schemas/**iso25964/correspondencesSKOS/<http://www.niso.org/schemas/iso25964/correspondencesSKOS/>
> which can be located from http://www.niso.org/schemas/**iso25964/<http://www.niso.org/schemas/iso25964/>.
> ]
> We would like to know whether you have comments on such a change,
> preferably before Nov 19. Please post any comments to the SKOS mailing
> list, public-esw-thes@w3.org.
> Best regards,
> Antoine Isaac & ISO 25964 Working Group.
> [1] http://www.w3.org/2004/02/**skos/core#<http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#>
> [2] http://www.w3.org/2008/05/**skos-xl#<http://www.w3.org/2008/05/skos-xl#>
> [3] http://www.loc.gov/mads/rdf/**v1# <http://www.loc.gov/mads/rdf/v1#>
> [4] http://www.niso.org/schemas/**iso25964/<http://www.niso.org/schemas/iso25964/>
> [5] http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/**NOTE-skos-primer-20090818/#**
> seccorrespondencesISO<http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/NOTE-skos-primer-20090818/#seccorrespondencesISO>
> [6] http://www.w3.org/2006/07/SWD/**SKOS/reference/20090811-errata<http://www.w3.org/2006/07/SWD/SKOS/reference/20090811-errata>

Dr. Juan Antonio Pastor Sánchez
Dep. de Información y Documentación
Facultad de Comunicación y Documentación
Universidad de Murcia
Tel: +34 868 88 7252

Juan Antonio Pastor Sánchez, Ph.D.
Dep. of Information and Documentation
Faculty of Communication and Documentation
University of Murcia
phone: +34 868 88 7252
Received on Saturday, 27 October 2012 16:48:55 UTC

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