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Re: Defining "Open" Data (was RE: no F2F3 in 2009 -- Re: Agenda, eGov IG Call, 11 Nov 2009)

From: Jonathan Gray <jonathan.gray@okfn.org>
Date: Fri, 13 Nov 2009 14:39:03 +0000
Message-ID: <54ca21750911130639i594ddefaobf5c498332a871e8@mail.gmail.com>
To: Daniel Dietrich <daniel@so36.net>
Cc: Brian Gryth <briangryth@gmail.com>, eGovIG IG <public-egov-ig@w3.org>, "Emmanouil Batsis (Manos)" <manos@abiss.gr>, Todd Vincent <todd.vincent@xmllegal.org>, Niklas Lindström <lindstream@gmail.com>, "prof. dr. Tom M. van Engers" <vanengers@uva.nl>, peter.krantz@gmail.com, david osimo <david.osimo@gmail.com>, Jose Manuel Alonso <josema.alonso@fundacionctic.org>, washingtona@acm.org
On Fri, Nov 13, 2009 at 1:26 PM, Daniel Dietrich <daniel@so36.net> wrote:
> The argument against fees and costs is one of the hardest to face and I would appreciate to learn from your experiences. What are the best strategies / arguments against these kind of fees on so called "open" data?

There is a good international literature review on this in Paul
Uhlir's "The Socioeconomic Effects of Public Sector Information on
Digital Networks" which is chapter 14 in a publication by the same
name by the US National Academies Press:

  http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12687

I've pasted the relevant table below, but unfortunately it has not
come out very neatly - sorry! Its hopefully enough to pick out the
main names, titles and URLS - or alternately you can download the
chapter in PDF via the link above.

>From the UK perspective you might be interested in the 2006 report
from the Office of Fair Trading which recommends making core PSI
available at cost of reproduction (i.e. zero), and David Newbery,
Lionel Bently, and Rufus Pollock's 2008 economic study "Models of
Public Sector Information Provision via Trading Funds".

Also the EU has commissioned studies on this. Luis Manuel Ferrão from
the European Commission alluded to relevant work from an EU
perspective when he spoke at the 5th Communia Workshop, which we
organised back in March:

  http://communia-project.eu/node/222

See also the OECD "Recommendation of the Council for Enhanced Access
and More Effective Use of Public Sector Information", especially p.
5ff.:

  http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/0/27/40826024.pdf

Perhaps it could be worth producing a really short document
summarising this work?

Hope this is helpful and happy hunting!

-- 
Jonathan Gray

Community Coordinator
The Open Knowledge Foundation
http://www.okfn.org




Study Title                                         Author(s) and year
Models of Public Sector Information                 David Newbery,
Lionel Bently, and Rufus
Provision via Trading Funds2                        Pollock. 2008.
EcoGeo Project3                                     Stéphane Roche, et al. 2007.
Fair Use in the U.S. Economy:                       Thomas Rogers and
Andrew Szamosszegi. 2007.
Economic Contribution of Industries
Relying on Fair Use4
The Power of Information: An                        Ed Mayo and Tom
Steinberg. 2007.
Independent Review5
The Socio-Economic Impact of the                    Pilar Garcia
Almirall, Montse Moix Bergadà, and
Spatial Data Infrastructure of                      Pau Queraltó Ros.
Edited by Max Craglia. 2007;
Catalonia6                                          published 2008.
Benefits of the New GPS Civil Signal: Irving Leveson. 2006.
The L2C Study7
The Commercial Use of Public                        Office of Fair
Trading, United Kingdom. 2006.
Information (CUPI)8
Developing Geographic Information                   Bastiaan Van Loenen. 2006.
Infrastructures: The Role of
Information Policies9
Economic Impact of Open Source                      Rishab Aiyer
Ghosh, et al. 2006.
Software on Innovation and the
2
  Found at http://www.opsi.gov.uk/advice/poi/models-psi-via-trading-funds.pdf
3
  Web site: http://ecogeo.scg.ulaval.ca
4
  Found at http://www.ccianet.org/artmanager/uploads/1/FairUseStudy-Sep12.pdf
5
  Found at http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/media/cabinetoffice/strategy/assets/power_information.pdf
6
  Found at http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/reports/Study_reports/catalonia_impact_study_report.pdf
7
  Found at http://www.insidegnss.com/auto/0706%20Benefits.pdf
8
  Found at http://www.opsi.gov.uk/advice/poi/oft-cupi.pdf
9
  Found at http://repository.tudelft.nl/file/107024/088301
                            Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.
All rights reserved.
The Socioeconomic Effects of Public Sector Information on Digital Networks
http://www.nap.edu/catalog/12687.html
                       MEASURING THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC COSTS OF PSI
ONLINE                                                 63
                       Study Title
      Author(s) and year
                       Competitiveness of the Information
                       and Communication Technologies
                       (ICT) Sector in the EU10
                       MEPSIR, Measuring European Public Makx Dekkers,
Femke Polman, Robbin te Velde,
                       Sector Information Resources11
      and Marc de Vries. 2006.
                       Economic Value of the Nova Scotia
      Michael Gardner, Robert Fraser, Mike Milloy,
                       Ocean Sector12
      and James Frost. 2005.
                       Estimating Economic Benefits from
      Hauke Kite-Powell. 2005.
                       NOAA PORTS® Information: A Case
                       Study of Tampa Bay13
                       Estimating the Economic Benefits of Hauke
Kite-Powell, Charles Colgan, et al. 2004.
                       Regional Ocean Observing Systems14
                       The Value of Snow and Snow
      Richard Adams, Laurie Houston, and Rodney
                                                    15
                       Information Services
      Weiher. 2004.
                       The Economic Benefit of the BGS
      Roger Tym and Partners. 2003.
                       (British Geological Survey)16
                       Borders in Cyberspace: Conflicting
      Peter Weiss. 2002.
                       Public Sector Information Policies and
                       Their Economic Impacts17
                       Economic Framework for
      Don Gunasekera. 2002.
                       Meteorological Service Provision
                       Economic Value of Current and
      Jeffrey Lazo and Lauraine Chestnut. 2002.
                       Improved Weather Forecasts in the
                       U.S. Household Sector18
                       10
                          Found at
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/ict/policy/doc/2006-11-20-flossimpact.pdf
                       11
                          Found at
http://www.epsiplus.net/reports/mepsir_measuring_european_public_sector_resources_report
                       12
                          Found at
http://www.mar.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/pande/ecn/ns/e/ns-e.pdf
                       13
                          Found at

http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/Estimated_Economic_Benefits_from_NOAA_PORTS_report.pdf.
                       14
                          Found at
http://www.nopp.org/nopp/project-reports/reports/04powell.pdf.
                       15
                          Found at
http://www.economics.noaa.gov/bibliography/econ-value-snow-final-report.doc
                       16
                          Found at
http://www.bgs.ac.uk/downloads/start.cfm?id=380
                       17
                          Found at
http://www.epsiplus.net/reports/borders_in_cyberspace
                       18
                          Exec. summary:

http://ftp.wmo.int/pages//prog/amp/pwsp/documents/JeffLazo_Household_Value_Study_ExecSumm.pdf
                                                     Copyright ©
National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
The Socioeconomic Effects of Public Sector Information on Digital Networks
http://www.nap.edu/catalog/12687.html

SOCIOECONOMIC EFFECTS OF PSI ON DIGITAL NETWORKS
                       64
                       Study Title
    Author(s) and year
                       Canadian Geospatial Data Policy
    Garry Sears. 2001.
                       Study19
                       Environmental Data (various studies)
    U.S. National Academy of Sciences. 2001.
                       Prosperity Effects of Different Pricing Dutch
Ministry of the Interior. 2001.
                       Models for PSI
                       Economic Effects of Open Access
    Dutch Federal Geographic Data Committee.
                       Policies for Spatial Data                           2000.
                       Economic Framework for the
    John Zillman and John Freebairn. 2000.
                       Provision of Meteorological Services
                       Commercial Exploitation of Europe’s Pira
International Ltd., University of East Anglia,
                       Public Sector Information20
    and KnowledgeView Ltd. 2000.
                       The Economic Contribution of
    OXERA, Oxford Economic Research Associates
                       Ordnance Survey GB [Great Britain]21 Ltd. 1999.
                       The Dissemination of Spatial Data: A Xavier Lopez. 1998.
                       North American-European
                       Comparative Study on the Impact of
                       Government Information Policy
Received on Friday, 13 November 2009 14:39:43 GMT

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