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RE: Device description structures and families

From: Smith, Kevin, VF-Group <Kevin.Smith@vodafone.com>
Date: Mon, 26 Mar 2007 10:38:20 +0200
Message-ID: <7753CA22B9752F4496FFDAFFF6627A1460543E@EITO-MBX03.internal.vodafone.com>
To: <public-ddwg@w3.org>
I can only answer from my own Vodafone experience, where we do use device families - however membership of these is usually represented by a single, static Boolean property (isAdvancedDevice=true, isVodafoneLive=true, etc.). 
We sometimes make much use of multi-conditional queries, but these will typically involve a dynamic property (e.g. hasMarkup=XHTML-MP and hasBearer=3G).
So my opinion is:
- the interface must allow arbritrary, multi-conditional queries (with efforts to prevent Denial of Service or slow performance, such as having a validation step when receiving a query at the interface and rejecting anything badly-formed)
- that pre-built classifications should be allowed in the repository to indicate membership of a namespace-bound family.




	From: public-ddwg-request@w3.org [mailto:public-ddwg-request@w3.org] On Behalf Of Rafael Casero
	Sent: 24 March 2007 18:21
	To: public-ddwg@w3.org
	Subject: Re: Device description structures and families
	In fact that is the reason why there is a different specification for a server accepting queries related to static features and a server accepting queries that requires processing.
	I do not know exactly how the real implementations of a processing server are but I know that they have mechanisms for rejecting demanding users or queries.
	If there are developers wanting to use the functionality, maybe there are providers willing to offer it. Maybe what we have to do is study if there are real needs for user defined families (or grouping)
	-------- Mensaje Original -------- 

		I have a practical concern regarding the use or arbitrary query expressions (e.g. expressions that define family membership). It is certainly possible to construct expressions that have a very heavy processing load, as any SQL DB administrator will confirm. An expression involving, say, poorly constructed regular expressions, could tie up a processor for a considerable time. This places a serious and unpredictable burden on the provider of a DDR that supports arbitrary query expressions.
		The risk is both from deliberate denial-of-service attacks, and accidental use of ill-conceived expressions.
		I would be interested to know how the integrity and availability of a DDR could be maintained in these circumstances.
		-----Original Message-----
		From: public-ddwg-request@w3.org [mailto:public-ddwg-request@w3.org] On Behalf Of Rafael Casero
		Sent: 23 March 2007 14:06
		To: Andrea Trasatti
		Cc: public-ddwg@w3.org
		Subject: Re: Device description structures and families
		Yes, the ability to describe a stored family is an interesting 
		functionality. In the proposed solution there are families with a stored 
		definition (i.e. a company perform a study by which obtain a good 
		segmentation of devices and provides the resulting families as a 
		services) and temporary or dynamic families defined by a 'formula' or 
		'pseudo-code' by the requesting user, obviously, the query for the 
		family definition applies only to the first case. Technically, the 
		problem can be solved in the same way as the temporary or dynamic 
		families definition but in the opposite direction: the user can query 
		for the property definition and the DDR answers with the formula or 
		But, maybe there are some other cases in which the provider does not 
		want to provide that information, maybe the provider considers that this 
		information (the family definition) is his core business and do not want 
		to disclose it. We have to think on that scenario too.
		In any case, we can add something like 'describeProperty' method at the 
		API level that can return the formula or the definition of a derived 
		Related to the second point: if the family is a 
		previously-stored-definition one (i.e. provided by the DDR) there will 
		be no need for re-state the family definition. If the family is user 
		defined, the desired behavior  is to not need to re-state, but in that 
		case, DDRs have to maintain a session with the user allowing for an 
		initial definition an future many uses. We have to decide if the DDRs 
		must allow for a session type of communication or if DDRs must follow 
		the request/response schema.
		If we are dealing with user defined (temporary) families the only two 
		ways that I can imaging is session maintenance or re-state the definition.
		Well, those are just first thoughts about the problem, I hope it will 
		help to think on it and going further.
		-------- Mensaje Original --------

			This is very near to what I thought about families.
			There are two cases that José described that I don't understand if are 
			matched in your proposed solution.
			First of all is the ability for a DDR to communicate with the querying 
			individual the structure and definition of a family. This would imply 
			that the DDR is also able to store locally at least the definition of 
			the family. Processing can happen at the request time or stored.
			The ability to determine if a device is part of a family. Would this 
			require the querying individual to also re-state the family definition?
			- Andrea
			Il giorno 22/mar/07, alle ore 11:17, Rafael Casero ha scritto:

				Hi all,
				I think there was a somewhat similar problem at OGC (Open Geospatial 
				Consortium) and maybe its solution can be useful for us too. In order 
				to explain the similarities (and then the approach) let me first 
				summarize a little bit our problem.
				a) There are some 'static' device properties, for instance, screen width
				b) There are, also, some other properties 'derived' from the 'static' 
				ones: we can say that belonging to a particular family is the result 
				of applying a 'formula', for instance,
				(XHTML-MP = yes) AND (width > 128)  AND  (height > 160).
				In such a view, the 'family' semantics is the result of applying a 
				formula (or pseudocode) . The way in which that is implemented in a 
				real DDR need not to be specified: it can be evaluated on demand or 
				can be previously evaluated and stored (like any 'static' property), 
				that will depend on the particular implementation.
				The similar problem that OGC found is that they have 'features' that 
				are 'static' properties related to a particular location (i.e., there 
				is a petrol station at location x, y). For that they defined the 'Web 
				Feature Server' (WFS) that it is a minimum set of specifications that 
				a server must comply. Also they have a specification for a 'Web 
				Processing Server' (WPS) that allows for 'derived' properties or 
				calculated results (i.e., give me the petrol stations inside the area 
				defined by xMin, yMin, xMax, yMax). They separate both specifications 
				because the processing required in the second case can be much 
				demanding than in the WFS case.
				Translating this specification to our case will be something like this:
				a) Families can be defined as a formula or a pseudo-code
				b) DDRs could have processing capabilities or not
				c) DDRs, with processing capabilities, could store formulas (or code) 
				as a way to define families. The way in which they are solved and 
				processed (on demand, previously stored, etc.) depends on the 
				particular implementation allowing for a quality of service 
				differentiation between providers
				d) Different families can be defined for different companies using, 
				for instance, name spaces. Then there can be also a business case for 
				the families definition (effective terminal segmentation)
				e) Privileged users could be able to define 'derived properties' 
				(i.e. families) by defining the name (within a name space) and the 
				formula (or pseudo code)
				f) Developers could define the 'formula' to apply in the query or 
				(depending on their privileges) store it as a 'derived property'
				g) Effective terminal segmentation (families) can be offered by some 
				providers by defining particular formulas.
				h) Developers can query for a 'static' or 'derived' property in the 
				same way transparently, only, maybe, they have to query to a 
				different DDR depending on the property queried. (Also there is here 
				a business case: the DDRs that can deliver 'derived' properties can 
				offer to their customers processing capabilities and good semantics)
				This figure is like to mimic the OGC way of doing. Of course we have 
				to discuss if that model is of any use for us but I think is worth to 
				think at it.
				What do you think about it?
				- Raf.Casero
				-------- Mensaje Original --------

					Hi all,
					I have started with some use cases regarding device description 
					structures [1]. Two of them are envisaged but not yet written :).
					You are welcome to contribute with more use cases, like those that 
					Kevin and Andrea has mentioned these days in the list.
					Feedback from the public and group members is also needed
					Thanks and best regards
					Rotan Hanrahan escribió:

					This would assume a common syntax for representing the family rules.

					And this is precisely where I think the work that José is leading will help us.
					-----Original Message-----
					From: Smith, Kevin, VF-Group [mailto:Kevin.Smith@vodafone.com] 
					Sent: 20 March 2007 15:48
					To: Rotan Hanrahan; public-ddwg@w3.org
					Subject: RE: Device description structures and families
					Hi Rotan, 
					Thanks for the clarification...
					Another use case is content filtering, e.g. indicating that 'this family gets a movie, while this family gets an image'. Resolution of the expression would involve confirming the requesting device is of a given family. Then the appropriate link or object would be presented.
					As both yourself and José say, there could be benefit in sharing some of these family classifications: for example, a games publisher could create a set of rules as to which devices can support their latest games for the best user experience (mature J2ME, good CPU, decent resolution etc.) and this could be represented as a family (possibly namespace bound, eg gamescorp.bestSupport). They could also provide minimum criteria for legacy games (gamescorp.justSupport). Maybe the provisioning of these family rules can be in a DDR extension, or it could be possible in the query to the DDR to ask for the family rules to be fetched from an external source (such as gamescorp themselves). This would assume a common syntax for representing the family rules.

Received on Monday, 26 March 2007 08:38:36 UTC

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