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Re: bohe implementation for compression tests

From: Martin Thomson <martin.thomson@gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 16 Jan 2013 17:06:19 -0800
Message-ID: <CABkgnnVdXwo5eiBMNMjONG88r8EvErxQ9_yrgdh5NFH=KQhfZQ@mail.gmail.com>
To: James M Snell <jasnell@gmail.com>
Cc: "ietf-http-wg@w3.org" <ietf-http-wg@w3.org>
James,

Any feel for how bohe compares on CPU cost?  Ideally, the test harness
would provide that information alongside the rest of the data.

On 11 January 2013 10:43, James M Snell <jasnell@gmail.com> wrote:
> Just continuing my investigation of various header compression strategies
> around the BOHE mechanism. In my personal github fork, I have just checked
> in two bohe variations, one that implements selective-compression, the other
> implements isolated-compression..
>
> https://github.com/jasnell/compression-test/tree/master/compressor/bohe2
> https://github.com/jasnell/compression-test/tree/master/compressor/bohe3
>
> With bohe2 (selective-compression), a header block can consist of a
> compressed set of headers and an uncompressed set of headers. Specific
> headers such as Cookie, Set-Cookie, etc can be marked as "Do Not Compress".
> These are dropped into the frame as-is and thus avoid the CRIME issue
> completely. The rest of the headers are compressed using gzip using the
> existing spdy3 dictionary. Obviously this is not ideal because Cookie data
> then is passed around without any compression at all, making it far less
> efficient than any of the other options on the table.
>
> In bohe3 (isolated-compression), a header block can consist of two separate
> compressed blocks generated using two separate stream compressor instances.
> Selected headers (like Cookie) can be included in the secondary isolated
> block which would never contain general user-provided header data.
>
> **These are only experiments right now and are not intended as serious
> proposals for the spec**. Isolated-compression (bohe3) does show promise
> however. If we can successfully isolate potentially sensitive headers into
> their own compression context generated independently of any general
> user-supplied data, we can effectively short-circuit the CRIME attack by
> making it impossible for an attacker to compare values based on the
> compression ratio... and since it still uses gzip compression, we achieve a
> generally better compression ratio overall than we get with the proposed
> delta encoding. For now, tho, just consider this all just to be fodder for
> discussion. There are still MANY issues with these experimental approaches
> and I still need to go through delta in more detail to see if there is a way
> bohe and delta can be used effectively together.
>
> Just for example...
>
> james-snells-macbook-pro:compression-test james$ ./compare_compressors.py -c
> bohe3 -c bohe2 -c bohe -c delta -t
> /Users/james/git/http_samples/mnot/amazon.com.har
> 732 req messages processed
>              compressed | ratio min   max   std
> req  bohe        26,035 | 0.13  0.03  0.68  0.08
> req bohe2        44,195 | 0.23  0.07  0.71  0.13
> req bohe3        30,944 | 0.16  0.05  0.74  0.08
> req delta        33,955 | 0.17  0.02  0.71  0.09
> req http1       195,386 | 1.00  1.00  1.00  0.00
>
> 732 res messages processed
>              compressed | ratio min   max   std
> res  bohe        39,525 | 0.25  0.04  0.67  0.07
> res bohe2        47,157 | 0.29  0.12  0.71  0.08
> res bohe3        44,843 | 0.28  0.06  0.70  0.07
> res delta        44,499 | 0.28  0.02  0.65  0.09
> res http1       159,968 | 1.00  1.00  1.00  0.00
>
> - James
>
>
>
> On Thu, Jan 10, 2013 at 11:08 AM, James M Snell <jasnell@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>> I have an initial bohe implementation for the compression tests... it's
>> very preliminary and uses the same gzip compression as the current spdy3.
>> I'm going to be playing around with the delta compression mechanism as well
>> and see how much of an impact that has. Initial results are very promising
>> but I haven't done much debugging yet. Just wanted folks to know that this
>> work was underway...
>>
>> https://github.com/jasnell/compression-test/tree/master/compressor/bohe
>>
>> Some test runs....
>>
>> ./compare_compressors.py -c bohe -c spdy3 -c delta
>> ../http_samples/mnot/amazon.com.har
>> 732 req messages processed
>>              compressed | ratio min   max   std
>> req  bohe        26,122 | 0.13  0.04  0.70  0.08
>> req delta        33,955 | 0.17  0.02  0.71  0.09
>> req http1       195,386 | 1.00  1.00  1.00  0.00
>> req spdy3        27,238 | 0.14  0.04  0.71  0.08
>>
>> 732 res messages processed
>>              compressed | ratio min   max   std
>> res  bohe        39,628 | 0.25  0.04  0.66  0.07
>> res delta        44,499 | 0.28  0.02  0.65  0.09
>> res http1       159,968 | 1.00  1.00  1.00  0.00
>> res spdy3        41,325 | 0.26  0.04  0.67  0.08
>>
>>
>> ./compare_compressors.py -c bohe -c spdy3 -c delta
>> ../http_samples/mnot/craigslist.org.har
>> 66 req messages processed
>>              compressed | ratio min   max   std
>> req  bohe         1,948 | 0.15  0.06  0.73  0.11
>> req delta         2,036 | 0.16  0.07  0.71  0.11
>> req http1        12,894 | 1.00  1.00  1.00  0.00
>> req spdy3         2,016 | 0.16  0.07  0.75  0.11
>>
>> 66 res messages processed
>>              compressed | ratio min   max   std
>> res  bohe         1,786 | 0.18  0.07  0.77  0.13
>> res delta         2,858 | 0.28  0.08  0.69  0.12
>> res http1        10,147 | 1.00  1.00  1.00  0.00
>> res spdy3         1,869 | 0.18  0.09  0.78  0.13
>>
>>
>> ./compare_compressors.py -c bohe -c spdy3 -c delta
>> ../http_samples/mnot/flickr.com.har
>> 438 req messages processed
>>              compressed | ratio min   max   std
>> req  bohe        11,988 | 0.10  0.02  0.69  0.07
>> req delta        26,372 | 0.22  0.01  0.71  0.14
>> req http1       121,854 | 1.00  1.00  1.00  0.00
>> req spdy3        12,550 | 0.10  0.02  0.71  0.07
>>
>> 438 res messages processed
>>              compressed | ratio min   max   std
>> res  bohe        13,073 | 0.09  0.05  0.66  0.06
>> res delta        25,236 | 0.18  0.02  0.70  0.11
>> res http1       140,457 | 1.00  1.00  1.00  0.00
>> res spdy3        14,142 | 0.10  0.05  0.66  0.06
>>
>>
>> ./compare_compressors.py -c bohe -c spdy3 -c delta
>> ../http_samples/mnot/facebook.com.har
>> 234 req messages processed
>>              compressed | ratio min   max   std
>> req  bohe         6,091 | 0.15  0.06  0.78  0.07
>> req delta         7,800 | 0.19  0.02  0.70  0.07
>> req http1        41,980 | 1.00  1.00  1.00  0.00
>> req spdy3         6,301 | 0.15  0.06  0.77  0.07
>>
>> 234 res messages processed
>>              compressed | ratio min   max   std
>> res  bohe         9,458 | 0.23  0.07  0.68  0.07
>> res delta        12,045 | 0.30  0.13  0.60  0.08
>> res http1        40,252 | 1.00  1.00  1.00  0.00
>> res spdy3         9,788 | 0.24  0.07  0.69  0.07
>>
>>
>>
>>
>
Received on Thursday, 17 January 2013 01:06:47 GMT

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