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Line endings on/from other platforms not handled correctly?

From: Terry Teague <teague@mailandnews.com>
Date: Fri, 28 Jul 2000 00:43:18 -0700
Message-Id: <l03130300b5a6dcf31960@[]>
To: html-tidy@w3.org
Dear Dave,

While I don't really expect you to maintain entirely portable
cross-platform code for Tidy, there appear to be some issues with line
endings on/from other platforms, that I wanted to make you aware of, and
get some feedback from others on the mailing list.

As you probably know the common line endings in use are :

UNIX : linefeed (0x0A)
DOS : carriage return+linefeed (0x0D0A)
Mac : carriage return (0x0D)

Standard C libraries map 0x0A (<lf>) to '\n' (newline), and 0x0D (<cr>) to
'\r' (carriage return).

Since Tidy was developed as a UNIX or DOS/Windows program, naturally it
uses '\n' throughout the code to handle line endings.

When I first ported Tidy to Mac OS, I ran into a number of problems with
line endings if the input text was a Macintosh file and only contained
<cr>'s. Most notably the entire file was treated as a single long line of
text, so error reporting was usually something like : Line 1, column 54321
blah blah blah. This is inconvenient to say the least.

Fortunately there were 2 relatively simple solutions :

1) Use a 3rd party product, convert all <cr>'s in the file to <lf>'s, then
use Tidy.
2) The Mac OS development environments allow you specify a different
mapping for '\n' and '\r' - specifically, reversing the standard C mapping.
This involves a compiler option and a different version of the standard C
libraries (that have been compiled with this option turned on).

Option 1 is inconvenient for users.

Option 2 has proven to have a drawback - current versions of Tidy don't do
the right thing with input files that are NOT Macintosh files - the mapping
of <lf> to '\r' confuses Tidy.

Specifically here is a piece of HTML from "overview.html" (with UNIX line
endings) :

	<hr width="80%" class="c4" />
	<p class="c3"><a href="#help">How to use Tidy</a> | <a
	href="#download">Downloading Tidy</a> | <a
	href="release-notes.html">Release Notes</a><br />
	<a href="#quotes">Integration with other Software</a> | <a

With the current version of Tidy for Mac OS, errors are reported something
like :

	line 1 column 2075 - Warning: <ahref> unexpected or duplicate quote
	line 1 column 2075 - Warning: <ahref> unknown attribute value ""
	line 1 column 2075 - Error: <ahref> is not recognized!
	line 1 column 2075 - Warning: discarding unexpected <ahref>

(and as you can see, Tidy treats the entire file as 1 long line).

So it appears that Tidy is removing the whitespace including the (now
remapped) '\r', and getting confused.

I have looked at the source, and there aren't too many places that do
special handling of line endings.

But it seems there is some inconsistency in how the various line ending
combinations are handled (particularly in lexer.c) - it seems that Tidy
mapping \r\n, \r to \n is probably the correct thing to do, if it was

More specifically, at about line 1325 of lexer.c there is the comment :

        /* treat \r\n as \n and \r as \n */

but the code associated with this comment is much further on, leading me to
think that maybe some code was cut out, or moved to the wrong place.

I would think the best place to do special handling of line endings would
be in the low-level char reading routines, such as ReadCharFromStream() in
tidy.c or GetC() in config.c - and map them all to '\n' (or better still
perhaps something that can't be remapped, by using a symbolic constant like
#define lineending 0x0A). I assume the UnGetChar() type functions would
continue to work without problem with this change.

I would be curious to know if others on this mailing list have to deal with
cross-platform issues with Tidy, and have experienced any problems with
files from a different platform, etc.

I might try and fix the source to solve my problem, but unfortunately I
have no way of building Tidy for other platforms and thereby testing my
fixes for other platforms.

There is always the issue of files containing mixed line endings (e.g.
files edited on multiple platforms - many of the editors for Mac OS can
convert or preserve line endings for other platforms, transparently for the

Any comments welcomed.

Regards, Terry
Received on Friday, 28 July 2000 09:55:44 UTC

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